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Ecologic Legal

showing 271-280 of 400 results


Renewable-Energy-Sources-Act - The Amendment 2008/09

25 September 2008

During a further vocational training for management assistants in the energy sector Ms. Hanna Schumacher gave an introduction to the German Renewable Energy Sources Act (EEG) with a focus on the amendment which will come into force in 2009.

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Climate Change: Are Border Adjustment Measures only the Third-Best Option (Out of Three)?

15 September 2008

Border Adjustment Measures (BAM) have been discussed as a tool to equalize costs that industries with stringent greenhouse gas requirements have to bear, as some international competitors do not face these costs and allegedly enjoy a free ride. At a workshop of the German Federal Environment Agency (UBA), Nils Meyer-Ohlendorf and Michael Mehling discussed whether BAM are an adequate tool to address competitiveness concerns arising from the EU's ambitious climate change policies.

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Global Climate Change and the Fragmentation of International Law

No international regime operates in complete isolation from other regimes and the wider body of international law. Conflicts and tensions, but also potential synergies, are inevitable consequences of regime coexistence. Such interactions are particularly apparent in the case of the climate regime, which is analysed in this article in relation to the international law on biodiversity protection and free trade.Read more

Efficient Climate Policy through Flexible Mechanisms

The article by Dr. Camilla Bausch and Jonathan Donehower analyses the flexible mechanism of the Kyoto Protocol used by the international community to fight rising carbon emissions. The most prominent example of regional implementation of emissions trading, the EU Emissions Trading Scheme (ETS), is presented in detail with an outlook on potential future improvements.

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Die Neufassung des Erneuerbare-Energien-Gesetzes

Im Rahmen des integrierten Energie- und Klimapakets
This article describes the important changes to the Renewable Energy Sources Act due to the amendment within the framework of the Integrated Energy and Climate Programme of the German government. The article is published in issue 3, volume 19, Zeitschrift für Umweltrecht.

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International Trade Policy in a World of Different Carbon Prices

More and more instruments require the internalisation of greenhouse gas emissions costs. Yet it is very unlikely that a single global price for carbon will prevail. A frequently voiced concern is that states with stringent climate policies will place domestic industries at a disadvantage relative to competitors in states with less ambitious climate efforts. In this chapter, published in the briefing paper "Competitive distortions and leakage in a world of different carbon prices" for the European Parliament, the Ecologic authors Michael Mehling, Nils Meyer-Ohlendorf und Ralph Czarnecki analyse restrictive trade measures to offset the regulatory burden of climate policies, particularly border adjustments, from a legal point of view.Read more

Sustainable Biofuel Production in Tropical and Subtropical Countries

12 June 2008

On 12 June 2008, the Environment, Public Health and Food Safety Committee of the European Parliament hosted a roundtable on the Sustainable Biofuel Production in Tropical and Subtropical Countries. The event was chaired by MEP Anders Wijkman, Rapporteur for the Renewables Directive in ENVI.


There are very good preconditions for biofuel...Read more

Legal and Technical Consultation in Connection with Renewable Energies

June 2008 to July 2010
Within the framework of the Integrated Energy- and Climate Programme, the Renewable Energy Sources Act (EEG), Renewable Energies Heat Act (EEWärmeG) and the legal framework concerning the use of Biogas are drafted. Ecologic acts as a consultant to the German Federal Ministry within this legal framework and gives technical advise relating to questions of biogas.Read more

From Autonomy to Integration?

International Law, Free Trade and the Environment
In recent years, the debate on trade and the environment seemed to lose some of its earlier controversy: after a string of highly polarizing cases before the WTO, the Appellate Body’s Article 21.5 Implementation Report in the Shrimp/Turtle case appeared to finally herald a period of reconciliation between free trade and environmental concerns. Upon closer analysis, however, this assessment proves to be misleading: as a matter of substantive law, the chasm between both issue areas is still substantial.Read more

Legal Issues and Challenges in Trade and Competitiveness Post 2012

May 2008 to June 2008

In a briefing paper for the European Parliament's Temporary Committee on Climate Change, Ecologic analysed whether climate-related border adjustments are permissible under WTO law. Restrictions on international trade have been suggested as a means to address “carbon leakage” – the relocation of manufacturing activities (and thus greenhouse gas emissions) to states with less ambitious climate efforts and more relaxed environmental standards. The paper concludes that climate-related border adjustments are not, as a matter of principle, ruled out by international trade law, provided thatRead more


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