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Projects – Ecologic Institute EU

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Climate Change and Water Management - Adaptation Strategies for Europe

February 2006 to July 2007
How can societies adapt to the consequences of global change? This question gains importance at EU level given the alarming trends that are being observed, and is one of the focal points of the German EU presidency in 2007. This project analyses the challenges that climate change poses to water management in Europe, and develops options and strategies to meet these challenges. Read more

Resettlement from flood-prone areas

February 2006 to October 2006
How can societies adapt to increasing flood risk in river basins and coastal areas? While a large range of potential adaptation options exists, in the more severe cases it will be necessary to consider retreating from flood-prone areas and relocating settlements and critical infrastructure.The Hertie School of Governance and Ecologic have recently completed a study project, the outcome of which is a report on policy options to achieve and encourage resettlement in flood-prone areas. The report is now available for download. Read more

Governance and Ecosystems Management for the Conservation of Biodiversity (GEM-CON-BIO)

February 2006 to January 2008

GEM-CON-BIO aims to explore the interactions between governance modes and sustainable development objectives in particular biodiversity conservation. The objective is to identify through case studies, what type of governance processes and institutions can best contribute to the conservation of biodiversity. Best practice guidelines will be developed and disseminated to those involved in the formulation, implementation, monitoring and evaluation of policies.

Ecosystem management is a particular approach to management which concentrates on maintaining theRead more


Evaluation of Sustainability of Sewerage Systems in Metropolitan Areas: Emscher and Berlin Case Studies

February 2006 to May 2006
This project aimed at realising a comparative evaluation of the development of urban wastewater systems against the  background of the implementation of the Water Framework Directive (WFD). This evaluation was based on five case studies undertaken as part of the project and discussed at an international conference in Milan on 4 May 2006. An expected result was to gain knowledge on the technological, economic, management and institutional consequences arising from a shift from an approach dominated by point-source emission standards to one focusing on the good ecological standards of water bodies. Ecologic undertook two of the case studies, one being on the Emscher Region and one on Berlin. Read more

Environmental Policy Integration and Multi-level Governance (EPIGOV)

February 2006 to January 2009

There is a rapidly growing body of literature analysing and discussing measures to achieve the integration of environmental concerns into other policy areas (environmental policy integration, EPI). The project aims to structure these findings and to identify avenues for future research.

The project focuses on two main themes:

  1. Is it possible to identify modes of governance which are typically used to promote EPI at particular levels, eg. local/regional, national, EU, global? If so, which governance modes are typically used at which levels
  2. Read more

Improving Assessment of the Environment in Impact Assessments

January 2006 to August 2006

The European Commission developed a comprehensive approach to impact assessment, requiring that all likely economic, social and environmental impacts of major Commission proposals are given due consideration. However, not every impact assessment accorded equal treatment to all dimensions of sustainable development. The primary objective of the project is to assess the extent to which environmental impacts are taken into consideration when impact assessments are performed, and to suggest ways in which to improve consideration of environmental impacts within the assessment process.

TheRead more

Furthering Compliance Assistance and Improvement of the Environmental Performance of SME

January 2006 to June 2006
Many Member States of the European Union have come up with programmes to foster Small and Medium Enterprises' (SME) compliance with environmental law or to help SME better their environmental performance. This is because SME playing a pre-eminent role in the economic structure of the European Union are a source of considerable impacts on the environment. This objective of this project is to gain an overview of those programmes in the Member States and to pick best practice cases.Read more

Urban Environment and Environmental Technologies

January 2006 to May 2006
For the preparations of the informal Council of Environmental Ministers under the Austrian EU presidency, Ecologic contributed to a discussion paper on the urban environment and environmental technologies. The paper discusses in particular the Thematic Strategy on the Urban Environment of the European Commmission and the potential for the use of environmental technologies in cities.Read more

The Value of Biodiversity

December 2005 to March 2006

Escalating human impact on ecosystems is increasingly affecting the capacity of eco-systems to provide services critical to human well-being. The objective of this project is to document EU examples where decreasing bio-diversity has led to the loss/degradation of ecosystem services, and consequently to economic costs and/or social losses. Therefore, 37 relevant examples from 18 Member and Accession States within the EU were analysed. The final project report is available for download.

The outcomes of this scoping study clearly demonstrate that throughout the EU a wide range ofRead more

The Use of Market Incentives to Preserve Biodiversity

December 2005 to April 2006
EU Member States are increasingly using market-based instruments such as taxes, subsidies or tradable permits to conserve Biodiversity. Ecologic has been commissioned by DG Environment to analyse the current use of Market Based Instruments (MBIs) like taxes, fees and charges to protect biodiversity. Based on this, Ecologic collaborated with its project partners in preparing a report that evaluates the success and failure of these instruments and assesses their potential for wider use in different contexts in the future. The report is available for download.Read more

The Costs of Policy Inaction Related to the Environment

December 2005 to August 2006
In the cases of climate change, overfishing of oceans, biodiversity loss, and land erosion and desertification, inadequate - or the complete lack of - environmental protection policies impose significant costs on the affected parties. In this scoping study the costs of policy inaction related to different environmental issues are explored. The emphasis is on methodological considerations such as the accrual and valuation of such costs and the use of the results to support policy making. Read more

IPPC Directive - technical review

December 2005 to November 2006
Council Directive 96/61/EC concerning integrated pollution prevention and control was adopted in September 1996 and had to be transposed by EU Member States by 30 October 1999. In June 2003 the European Commission launched a consultation process on the possible future development of the Directive during which some stakeholders advocated certain technical changes such as the clarification of certain provisions that are currently perceived as unclear or the extension of the scope of the Directive in terms of industrial activities covered. The purpose of this project is to gather data on and conduct an analysis of the economic, environmental, and social impacts of such possible technical change. Read more

European Analytical Quality Control in Support of the Water Framework Directive (EAQC-WISE)

December 2005 to November 2008

The implementation of the Water Framework Directive (WFD) requires the design of monitoring programmes for all EU Member States. The effectiveness of this implementation will depend to a great extent on the ability of Member States’ laboratories to measure chemical, biological and ecological changes of the quality of Community waters. As such data are the basis for regulatory decisions and measures required to achieve WFD environmental objectives, appropriate quality assurance and quality control (QA/QC) systems have to be established across all EU monitoring laboratories. Against thisRead more


EU funding for environmental programs and projects in Belgium

December 2005 to June 2006

The project aims to advise SPF DG ENV on how to fund its environmental programmes in the light of the new financial perspectives (2007-2013). The project will examine the proposals for the individual funds in the new period and compare them with those of the current period (2000-2006). The effects on specific policy areas such as rural development, biodiversity protection and climate change will be assessed.

The success of European and national environmental policies depend to a large extent on money. If potential projects do not receive sufficient financing from the start then theyRead more


Public Participation in Integrated Dniester River Basin Management

November 2005 to October 2006

In January 2006, Ilya Trombitsky and Tatiana Sinaeva of Eco-TIRAS, Moldova visited German representatives of administrations and environmental NGO’s active in water management. Public participation was the main focus of several visits to various German water management institutions, organised by Ecologic. Particular emphasis was placed on the networking of environmental organisations. Ecologic supports the Moldavian NGO Eco-Tiras in developing a strategy for public participation in the transboundary river basin management of the Dniester Basin. The Dniester is an international river basinRead more

Integrated Water Resources Management: Course for North Africa

October 2005 to December 2005
The Middle East and North Africa (MENA) region belongs to the most water-scarce areas in the world. Population growth, urbanisation and industrialisation have led to an increase in water demands and resource pollution. As a result, there is a growing need for an integrated concept to manage the available water resources. Against this background, InWent – Capacity Building International, Germany, in co-operation with the World Bank Institute (WBI) and Office Nationale de L'Eau Potable (ONEP), organised the capacity-building workshop “Integrated Water Resources Management: Course for North Africa”. The workshop took place from 28 November to 3 December 2005 in Rabat, Morocco. Read more

Review of the Environmental Performance Index (EPI)

October 2005

The Environmental Performance Index (EPI) identifies targets for environmental performance and measures how close each country comes to these goals. Ecologic contributed to the review of data and methods for the EPI, and three experts participated in the international review meeting held on 27-28 October 2005 at the Yale Center for Environmental Law & Policy (YCELP). The EPI 2006 has since been published.

Yale Center for Environmental Law and Policy (YCELP) and theRead more

Implementation of Article 12 of the Habitats Directive

October 2005 to March 2006
The aim of this project is to develop concepts for the protection of species in Germany for the implementation of Article 12 of the habitats directive (92/43/EEC). It will focus on the protection of animal species within agricultural land and forestry. Approaches taken by other EU Member States for the implementation of the directive will be taken into consideration. The concept will eventually be tested using two animal species as case studies.Read more

Effects of emissions trading on electricity prices

September 2005 to November 2005
The sharp rise of electricity prices across Germany in 2005, provoked dispute. The climb in prices was blamed, among other things, on the introduction of the European Union Greenhouse Gas Emission Trading Scheme (EU ETS). In Germany emissions allowances were allocated free of charge to all companies. However, the electricity producers decided to include the value of the allowances as opportunity costs when calculating their variable costs and when establishing prices for consumers. The survey deals with questions concerning the legal and economic legitimacy of this approach and how to avoid windfall profits for the electricity producers. Read more


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