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Projects – Ecologic Institute EU

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Legal Implementation of the European Directive on Emissions Trading

January 2005 to March 2006
In order to implement its obligations to reduce greenhouse gas emissions, as required under the Kyoto Protocol, the European Community elaborated a directive establishing a community-wide greenhouse gas trading system. Ecologic has been commissioned by the German Federal Ministry for the Environment to analyse the legal framework for implementing the directive in Germany and also to draft the implementing legislation. In addition Ecologic developed provisions for the implementation of the flexible Mechanisms under the Kyoto Protocol. Read more
Project

New Approaches to Adaptive Water Management under Uncertainty (NeWater)

January 2005 to December 2008

Water management is influenced by many different factors. Current water management strategies are often not designed in a way to adequately accommodate and react to changing boundary conditions, such as climate change, new economic, social and political circumstances. The NeWater project aims at developing new approaches for an adaptive and more flexible management of water resources under uncertainty.

Main objectives

The central tenet of the NeWater project is a transition from currently prevailing regimes of river basin water managementRead more

Trade, intellectual property rights and sustainable development (IPDEV)

January 2005 to June 2006

Intellectual property right (IPR) rules have strong impacts on economic growth, environmental protection and social objectives. Within the IPDEV project Ecologic identifies IPR-related policies which are supportive to sustainable development goals. Based on quantitative and qualitative analysis it is investigated how especially EU-candidate countries and developing countries can take maximum advantage of IPRs rules to support sustainable development.

There is a range of views about international IPR regimes. Some argue that expansionist trends are necessaryRead more

Project

Economic Analysis in the Context of Environmental Policies and of Sustainable Development

January 2005 to January 2007

Economic analysis plays an increasingly important role in the work of the European Commission, DG Environment. As part of a pan-European consortium, Ecologic supports the European Commission in the economic analysis of environmental policies.

The objective of the project is to support economic analysis of environmental policies. In particular, three main issues are distinguished:

  1. Support in the context of Sustainable Development: these activities will provide economic analysis in the framework of the EU's Sustainable Development Strategy (SDS) [pdf, 87 KB,
  2. Read more

Capacity Building in the New Member States on Further Climate Change Action (post-2012)

December 2004 to December 2007

This project convened about 350 participants from business, politics, academia and civil society in a series of 10 events. Ministers of Environment of the respective host country opened these meetings. These events were intended to prepare the ground for further discussion in the new EU Member States (NMS) and Candidate Countries (CC) on further climate change action (post-2012) and to create additional public awareness.

The project produced a number of  recommendations for future climateRead more

Towards a Stronger System of International Environmental Governance

December 2004 to July 2005
Launched in 2003, a French Initiative gave new impetus into the debate about upgrading UNEP to a United Nation Environment Organisation (UNEO). In this context Ecologic - in cooperation with IDDRI - organizes a conference in May 2005. It is the conference's objective to discuss and explore the potential benefits of a UNEO. 2004 Nobel Peace Prize Winner Prof. Wangari Maathai as well as Federal Minister of Environment Juergen Trittin will be among the conference's speakers.Read more
Project

Developing a cost-effectiveness methodology for selecting measures under the Water Framework Directive

December 2004 to September 2005
In implementing the Water Framework Directive, cost-effectiveness analysis (CEA) is an essential part of choosing between options from the Programme of Measures. Ecologic contributed the European expertise in a project commissioned by The UK Department for Environment, Food and Rural Affairs (DEFRA) to assess what type of data were available for CEA. An analysis of the German, Dutch, Austrian and French approaches was carried out and conclusions drawn about their transferability. Read more
Project

Options for Applying the Open Method of Coordination in EU Environmental Policy

December 2004 to July 2005
This project aims to identify options for applying the Open Method of Co-ordination (OMC) in EU environmental policy. In recent years the OMC has emerged as an increasingly important instrument of EU governance. Rather than relying on legally binding rules, the OMC works through the diffusion and evaluation of information. Read more

Specific Needs of Developing Countries - Design Option for a UNEO

December 2004 to January 2005
Launched in 2003, the "French Initiative" gave new impetus into the debate about upgrading UNEP to a full-fledged UN Agency. In this project, Ecologic analyses the specific challenges for developing countries in implementing international environmental policies. Based on the findings Ecologic designs options for a future United Nations Environmentmal Organisation (UNEO). The project's policy paper is available for download. Read more

Legal Implementation of User Charges for Global Environmental Goods

November 2004 to July 2005
International airspace and the high seas are global environmental goods with traditionally unrestricted access. The ensuing environmental impact can be addressed through user charges for air- and sea-traffic. This project assessed the legal conditions for the application of such charges in international, European Community and domestic law. A preliminary summary of the legal survey is now available in the internet. A strategy paper on a air ticket tax is also available for download. Read more
Project

The Case for Valuation Studies in the Water Framework Directive

November 2004 to May 2005
Ecologic has been commissioned by the Scotland and Northern Ireland Forum for Environmental Research (SNIFFER) to develop practicable proposals for implementing the economic aspects of the Water Framework Directive in Scotland and Northern Ireland, with a particular focus on the possible role of economic valuation studies. The now available study deals mainly with the assessment of disproportionate costs (linked to the Art. 4 exemptions), while also addressing the selection of measures (Art. 11). It recommends a staged and flexible approach, which takes account of the specific conditions in Scotland and Northern Ireland. Read more

Public Procurement and Forest Certification

November 2004 to November 2005
The project aims to support the implementation of third party certification schemes, such as FSC, in the context of public procurement. As several EU Member States are planning to develop public procurement programmes to encourage sustainable forest management, it is timely to undertake thorough analysis of the linkages between public procurement and forest certification.Read more
Project

Cost-Effectiveness of Environmental Policies

October 2004 to February 2005
The European Environmental Agency (EEA) wishes to improve its methodological framework in the area of cost-effectiveness assessments and environmental-economic analysis. Ecologic supports the EEA in this task by creating an inventory of applied ex-post evaluation studies with a focus on methodologies, guidelines, legal requirements and good practice examples from the EU Member States.

Ecologic in co-operation with eftec and IVM carries out a review of experiences with cost-effectiveness analyzes, methods and outcomes in the environmental arena. The project's objectives are:

Project

Vital soil - The Next Step Towards a European Soil Strategy

October 2004 to December 2004

Ecologic assisted the preparation of the Conference "Vital soil; the next step towards a European Soil Strategy" within the framework of the Dutch EU-Presidency of the European Union. For this purpose, Ecologic prepared a Background Paper that presents the integration of soil protection into the environmental as well as other policies of the European Union and identifies shortcomings and potentials.

Soil is a vital and largely non-renewable resource increasingly under pressure, however there is no legal instrument at the EU level that is directly concerned with soil protection. InRead more

Renewable Energy Sources Act (EEG) - Register of installations

September 2004 to August 2005
The amendment of the Renewable Energy Sources Act (EEG) provides for a register of installations for the purpose of increasing transparency and simplifying the nation-wide equalisation mechanism. Ecologic is supporting the German Federal Ministry for the Environment in answering the legal questions in this context. The observation and analysis of the revision of the German energy laws under the viewpoint of its impacts on the promotion of renewable energies ist another main focus of this project. Read more
Project

European Environmental Economic Activities (3EA)

August 2004 to August 2006

Ecologic leads a consortium of 18 European Research Institutes that supports the EEA on environmental economic activities between 2004 and 2008. The consortium includes several high-level experts in Environmental Economics, both from old and new EU Member States.

Research questions

The European Environment Agency (EEA) produces objective, reliable and comparable information for policy makes of European environmental and sustainable development, and for the wider European public. The EEA already makes use of environmentally related economicRead more

Waste Reduction and Recycling Through Extended Producer Responsibility

August 2004 to February 2005
In order to support the Austrian Federal Ministry for the Environment in the development of a waste reduction and recycling strategy for the Austrian Waste Management Plan 2006, Ecologic completed the study “Waste Avoidance and Recycling on the Basis of Producer Responsibility”. The study features a detailed analysis of extended producer responsibility as a policy instrument for waste-reduction and increased recycling in Austria. The focus is on the characteristics of successful extended producer responsibility programmes and the preconditions necessary for their successful implementation. The study also investigates economic, technical, social and juridical aspects of the policy instrument. The study is now available for download. Read more

Evaluation of the Commission's urban Cooperation Framework

August 2004 to February 2005

Together with the Institute for European Environmental Policy (IEEP) London and the Institute for European Policy Prague, Ecologic is evaluating the European Co-operation Framework to promote Urban Sustainable Development. A midterm review of the co-operation framework is being undertaken. On this basis the Commission will decide on its future design.

The co-operation framework to promote Urban Sustainable Development aims to provide financial and technical support to networks of local authorities for the exchange of good practice in relation to urban sustainable development.
Read more

Job Creation Potential of Clean Technologies

August 2004 to September 2004
A large number of environmental policy instruments do not only serve environmental objectives, but have also positive impacts on the economy and employment. The European Parliament asked Ecologic for independent expert advise on the job creation potential of clean technologies and win-win situations in this policy area. The project results are available for download.Read more
Project

Effects of Germany's Ecological Tax Reforms

July 2004 to April 2005

Since its inception in 1999, the German Ecological Tax Reform has been the subject of major debate. Although it has proven to be an effective instrument for reducing CO2 emissions and for stimulating employment and innovations, the Ecological Tax Reform is still heavily criticised or rejected outright, mainly because of its alleged impacts on economic competitiveness. Against this background, Ecologic and the German Institute for Economic Research (DIW Berlin) have investigated the effects that the reform has had on the environment, employment and technological innovations. The results andRead more

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