An important goal of the EU - Water Framework Directive (WFD) is to achieve good chemical status of surface waters by 2015. According to Article 1(c) "specific measures for the progressive reduction of discharges, emissions and losses of priority substances" must be implemented. For the priority hazardous substances, discharges, emissions and losses must be stopped or phased-out. The German Federal Environment Agency published this report, which Ecologic contributed to. Read more
Publications – Ecologic Legal
showing 101-120 of 139 results
The First Meeting of the Parties to the Kyoto Protocol
In the end of 2005 the parties to the Kyoto Protocol convened to decide on a number of operational aspects of the international climate regime. More importantly, they also agreed to launch consultations on future mitigation commitments for the period after 2012, when the current "Kyoto targets" expire. Dr. Camilla Bausch and Michael Mehling analyse the outcome of the meeting in an article and discuss the summit’s significance as a first step in the further evolution of the international climate regime.Read more
Comparing major certification schemes: FSC, PEFC, CSA, MTCC and SFI
Mechel, Friederike; Nils Meyer-Ohlendorf; Peter Sprang et. al. 2006: Public Procurement and Forest Certification: Assessing the Implications for Policy, Law and International Trade. Comparing major certification schemes: FSC, PEFC, CSA, MTCC and SFI. Ecologic Institute: Berlin.Read more
Gut oder schlecht für die europäische Umweltpolitik?
In his article in the "Zeitschrift für Umweltrecht," Nils Meyer-Ohlendorf (Ecologic Institute) analyzes what consequences the Treaty establishing a Constitution for Europe would have for environmental policy. This treaty was signed in 2004 but did not come into force as it was not ratified. The author focuses on the institutional architecture of the European Union, which would undergo some changes due to the treaty.Read more
In this article, Camilla Bausch and Julia Rufin provide an overview of the content of the German energy law, as adopted by the German Parliament in 2005. The new energy law is based on European Directives. The authors focus their contributing article on the essential new provisions. A description of the future regulation of the energy market is provided and the new rules concerning the unbundling of the energy sector are exposed. Furthermore, provisions that extend the requirements of European law are described.
On 13 July 2005, the new German energy law entered into force. In their article, Dr. Camilla Bausch and Julia Rufin LL.M. explain the implementation of the European Directives in accelerating the liberalisation of the internal electricity and gas market. Following a description of the previous process of liberalisation at the European and National levels, the introduction of the new regulation of the energy market is discussed and the new rules concerning the de-monopolisation of the energy sector are explained. Furthermore, specific national rules outlining the European requirements are illustrated.Read more
Insbesondere Querbezüge zwischen dem System der Erfüllungskontrolle, den flexiblen Mechanismen und den Berichts- und Inventarisierungspflichten
Oberthür, Sebastian 2005: Fortentwicklung und weitere Ausgestaltung des Kyoto-Protokolls. Insbesondere Querbezüge zwischen dem System der Erfüllungskontrolle, den flexiblen Mechanismen und den Berichts- und Inventarisierungspflichten. Ecologic, Berlin.Read more
Eine Analyse der Europäischen Richtlinie zur Umwelthaftung
In the ZUR - Zeitschrift für Umweltrecht, Peter Beyer analyses the new European Directive on environmental liability. The liability for damages caused to the environment by emissions as well as accidents in the field of industrial productions and transportation of dangerous goods belongs to the issues which have been controversially discussed in politics for years, regularly brought up by spectacular accidents as in Baia Mare or the sinking of the Prestige off the Spanish coast.Read more
The National Allocation Plan (NAP) stipulates the rules for the allocation of allowances to the installations participating in emissions trading. The allowances are allocated on the basis of the actual CO2 emissions of the individual installations. To determine the quantity of emissions, data was gathered on a voluntary basis through a comprehensive data enquiry by the German Federal Ministry for the Environment. This article reports on the results of the data enquiry.
In July 2004, the German Federal Cabinet adopted the draft amendment of the law governing non discriminatory network access (EnWG - Energiewirtschaftsgesetz). It transposes the EU Acceleration Directive for electricity and gas into German national law. Nicole Wilke and Camilla Bausch explain the essential elements of the draft amendment in an article.
Eine rechtsvergleichende Untersuchung der europäischen Vorgaben sowie der Regime in Deutschland, Frankreich und England/Wales unter besonderer Berücksichtigung der „Essential Facilities "-Doktrin
For several years now, the European energy laws have been in a phase of transformation. Behind the much quoted catchwords liberalisation, privatisation, deregulation and re-regulation lie many more profound, oftentimes even contradictory political, legislative and economic concepts. This is the context in which a functional Single European Market for electricity is to be established. Read more
Die Vorgaben des Gesetzesentwurfes zum Energiewirtschaftsrechts
The federal bill addressing non discriminatory network access in the energy sector will significantly reform the existing legal framework for grid operators in Germany. A crucial aspect of the reform is the strengthening of rules for vertically integrated energy companies active in production and distribution as well as grid operation. In her publication, Dr. Camilla Bausch critically analyses and evaluates unbundling rules for the electricity sector against the background of lawmakers' objectives - including promoting competition, reducing conflict of interest cases and quelling market distorting activities. Read more
After extensive discussions and despite reasonable fears of failure, in June 2004 EU leaders finally adopted the Constitutional Treaty, which will replace the Nice Treaty. After signing the Constitutional Treaty in autumn 2004, Member States will have two years to ratify it. This article presents an environmental analysis of the draft Treaty as submitted by the Convention on the Future of Europe in July 2003. Read more
The EC increasingly participates in multilateral environmental agreements alongside its Member States. The appearance of both EC and Member States raises questions of competences for the negotiation, conclusion and implementation of such international instruments. In particular in the field of marine environment, substantial progress is hindered by an opaque division of competences between the EC and its Member States and lack of coordination. Accordingly, the German Federal Environmental Agency commissioned Ecologic and Professor Astrid Epiney with the task of analysing the division of external competences between the EC and its Member States taking into account the OSPAR-Convention. The results of this project have now been published as a book.Read more
Simon Marr, in collaboration with Arne Schwemer, contributed a chapter on the Precautionary Principle in German Environmental Law to the Yearbook of European Environmental Law, which, in its third volume, focuses on the implementation of legal principles in EC environmental law.
Wie die Europäische Nachhaltigkeitsstrategie gestärkt werden kann
The transition to a sustainable development is a strategic aim of the EU. To this end, the European Council adopted during the meeting in Gothenburg 2001 a European Sustainable Development Strategy. The mid-term review of the strategy is scheduled for next year (2005). How has the European Sustainable Development Strategy performed so far? In this article, Ecologic analyses both the relation between the Sustainable Development Strategy and the Lisbon process as well as the weaknesses of the strategy, and suggests a way forward. Read more
Der Entwurf des Treibhausgas-Emissionshandelsgesetzes und der Verordnung zur Umsetzung der Emissionhandels-Richtlinie für Anlagen nach dem Bundes-Immissionsschutzgesetz
On 17 December 2003, the German Cabinet adopted the Emissions Trading Act and the Ordinance implementing Directive 2003/87/EC for Installations pursuant to Federal Emissions Protection, which represents a first comprehensive draft of the legal framework for an emissions trading system in Germany. They form the basis of the recent decision adopted by the Federal Bundestag on 12 March 2004 regarding the Emissions Trading Act. Contrary to the Cabinet decision the Emissions Trading Act now provides for enforcement on the Federal level without involvement of the Federal States. Read more
The article is based on a brochure the author wrote for the project "EcoFuturum - A Sustainable Constitution for Europe" which was co-funded by the European Commission. In the framework of this project Ecologic published a number of policy papers and carried out a series of workshops throughout the enlarged European Union to discuss the impact of the future Constitution on European environmental policy.Read more