Several European countries have introduced specific energy taxes or comprehensive ecological tax reforms in order to set economic incentives for the reduction of greenhouse gas emissions. These taxes and tax reforms are based on various approaches and models and have thus different impacts on the environment, economy and employment. In a systematic review of existing evaluations of energy taxes, INFRAS and Ecologic examined international experiences to inform the design of similar measures for Switzerland, such as the CO2 tax introduced in the beginning of 2008.
Effects of existingRead more
The Directorate-General Trade of the European Commission held its "Trade Sustainability Impact Assessment Stocktaking Conference: Implementing Sustainable Trade" in Brussels on 21-22 March 2006. R. Andreas Kraemer chaired the key first session looking at the extent to which Trade Sustainability Impact Assessments (SIAs) have changed the way the European Union makes trade policy.
The session addressed general issues of the policy debate:
- After six years of carrying out Trade SIAs, to what extent has this policy tool changed the Read more
The Environmental Performance Index (EPI) identifies targets for environmental performance and measures how close each country comes to these goals. Ecologic contributed to the review of data and methods for the EPI, and three experts participated in the international review meeting held on 27-28 October 2005 at the Yale Center for Environmental Law & Policy (YCELP). The EPI 2006 has since been published.
In environmental matters, modern society is living at the cost to future generations. This was the main issue discussed at the Young Leaders Congress 2005 „Ecological Generational Justice into the Constitution”, which brought together more than 50 participants from all over Europe and beyond. At the event, Ecologic Fellow Markus Knigge chaired a panel discussion with Karsten Sach, Head of the Division for International Affairs in the German Ministry for the Environment, and Manfred Bergman, Head of the Unit for Evaluation of Transport, Environment and Energy in the European Commission, on where we are in achieving ecological generational justice in Europe.Read more
Better regulation, lean governance and impact assessment are generally regarded as necessary for effective and cost-efficient administration and policy making. This applies in particular to environmental policies, which are often criticised as being overly bureaucratic, thereby hampering growth and endangering competitiveness. Against this background, the European Commission, DG Environment, has commissioned a project team lead by IVM and IEEP to organise a workshop for policy makers, academic experts and consultants, in order to examine how Member States conduct the transposition andRead more
The challenge of developing robust methodologies to undertake ex ante and/or ex post sustainability assessments of trade policies remains largely unmet. In cooperation with further members of the CAT-E network Ecologic analyses and develops methodological approaches for sustainable impact assessments for specific trade areas.
In the past most assessments of links between trade, environment and policies have focused on trade in goods or on unilateral domesticRead more
Together with the Institute for European Environmental Policy (IEEP) London and the Institute for European Policy Prague, Ecologic is evaluating the European Co-operation Framework to promote Urban Sustainable Development. A midterm review of the co-operation framework is being undertaken. On this basis the Commission will decide on its future design.
The co-operation framework to promote Urban Sustainable Development aims to provide financial and technical support to networks of local authorities for the exchange of good practice in relation to urban sustainable development.