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showing 91-100 of 138 results


The Impact of Biotechnology on Developing Countries

In this study, Ecologic Institute researchers Timo Kaphengst and Lucy Smith summarize the advantages and disadvantages of the increasing share of genetically modified organisms (GMOs) in developing countries. The accrued benefits and/or disadvantages vary widely across the reviewed countries and depend on the governance structures of each country. On the one hand, GM crops can increase export revenues; on the other hand, developing countries' resulting dependency on Western biotechnology companies could grow and threaten local farmers, especially smaller ones. Moreover, GMOs are leading to a reduction in biodiversity. In light of this, the authors recommend that GM crops no longer be promoted in developing countries. The study is available for download.Read more

Data Availability at Farm Level for Farms Across EU-27

EU wide Farm-level Carbon Calculator
Kuikman, P.J., E. Andersen, B.S. Elbersen, A. Frelih Larsen, P.J. Jones, S. Naumann, J.J. Oñate, I. Staritsky (2013). EU wide Farm-level Carbon Calculator: data availability at farm level for farms across EU-27. A report on Deliverable 1 to the Institute of Environment and Sustainability (JRC/IES) by Alterra - WageningenUR, Wageningen, The Netherlands. 73 pp.Read more

Cost and Benefits for Germany of a European Soil Framework Directive

October 2012 to December 2016
There is still no specific soil protection law at EU level. In 2014 the European Commission withdrew its 2006 proposal for a soil protection directive, after two unofficial compromise proposals of 2010 and 2011 failed to secure an agreement. The project analyses and compares the three proposals, because they represent the course and state of play of the political debate and could play a role in the event of new political initiatives. A legal analysis shows commonalities and differences between the soil protection requirements of the proposals and German soil protection law. The study also examines the potential cost for the Federal and State level to gather the necessary data if there was an obligation to identify and determine risk areas according to certain criteria. The project also analyses to what extent EU laws and instruments regulate or have an impact on soil protection, and provides an assessment if and how soil protection standards could be incorporated or added.Read more

Ökosystemleistungen in die Reform der gemeinsamen Agrarpolitik integrieren

Gerdes, Holger et al. 2012: „Ökosystemleistungen in die Reform der gemeinsamen Agrarpolitik integrieren“. Naturschutz und  Landschaftsplanung: Zeitschrift für angewandte Ökologie, Vol. 44, 2.
 ...Read more

Global Land Use and Sustainability (GLOBALANDS)

September 2011 to June 2014
August 2012 to June 2015
The pressure on land and natural resources is increasing worldwide. While there are many sectoral policies tackling different environmental problems, land use is not regulated in an integrated and overarching way. The discussion on sustainable biofuels and biomass highlights the continued lack of an effective and innovative framework to deal with complex land-use issues. The aim of the GLOBALANDS project is to identify existing land use policies and develop possible governance tools towards a more resource efficient and sustainable global land use.Read more

Testing of a Farm Carbon Calculator

December 2011 to March 2013

This study supports the Joint Research Centre in a pilot project on the "certification of low carbon farming practices in the European Union". An EU-wide survey of data availability for a carbon calculator tool is carried out, along with the testing of the tool and assessment of policy options for promoting its use. The project documents are available for download.

Agriculture plays an important role in climate change mitigation efforts. The direct emissions of Greenhouse Gases (GHG) from agriculture account for around nine percent of total EU-27 emissions. Specifically, agricultureRead more

FP7-project SmartSOIL: Kick-off Meeting in Brussels

10 November 2011 to 11 November 2011

How can research contribute to the reversal of soil degradation by improving soil carbon management in European arable and mixed farming systems? This is the central subject of the new FP7-project SmartSOIL and was discussed in the project kick-off meeting held on 10 and 11 November 2011 in Brussels. Ecologic Institute is a core partner in the SmartSOIL consortium, responsible...Read more

Sustainable and Climate Friendly Soil Management (SmartSOIL)

November 2011 to October 2015

Farming practices exert an important influence over soil functions, soil organic matter and carbon stocks, which in turn are essential to regulating greenhouse gas emissions in agriculture. SmartSOIL is an EU-funded project which will develop an innovative approach assessing the impact of farm management on soil organic carbon stocks, crop productivity and other ecosystem services. SmartSOIL will develop a decision support tool to enable farmers, advisors and policy makers to discuss and select the most appropriate and cost-effective practices for different farming systems, soils andRead more

Pressures and Measures in the RBMPs with a Focus on Agriculture

October 2011 to October 2012

In this project, Ecologic Institute compiled and evaluated information on the environmental effectiveness of agricultural measures used in River Basin Management Plans. The assessment took place in the context of the "Comparative Study of Pressures and Measures in the Major River Basin Management Plans in the EU".

The Water Framework Directive (WFD) required Member States to report their first River Basin Management Plans (RBMPs) by March 2010. The European Commission (EC) has been assessing the compliance of RBMPs against the provisions of the WFD and carrying out a "bottom up"Read more

Seminar of Current Developments in German and EU Environmental Law

24 October 2011

On 24 and 25 October  2011, Stephan Sina, Senior Fellow at Ecologic Legal, and Gesa Homann, Researcher at Ecologic Institute, held a seminar on current issues in German and European environmental law at the Berlin Academy of Public Administration (Verwaltungsakademie Berlin).

This was the second time since 2010 that staff of Ecologic Institute have organized an event of this kind. The Berlin Academy of Public Administration is the primary institute for the training and postgraduate education of civil servants in the German Federal State of Berlin.

At the seminarRead more


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