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Instruments and Options for Environmental Policy during the Accession Process of EU Associated Countries in the Area of Environment and Energy

Publication

Instruments and Options for Environmental Policy during the Accession Process of EU Associated Countries in the Area of Environment and Energy

Bär, Stefani; Martin Cames; Michael Krug et al. 2000: Instruments and Options for Environmental Policy during the Accession Process of EU Associated Countries in the Area of Environment and Energy. Öko-Institut, Ecologic, FFU, Berlin.


Citation

Bär, Stefani; Martin Cames; Michael Krug et al. 2000: Instruments and Options for Environmental Policy during the Accession Process of EU Associated Countries in the Area of Environment and Energy. Öko-Institut, Ecologic, FFU, Berlin.

Language
English
Author(s)
Stefani Bär (Ecologic)
Martin Cames (Öko-Institut)
Michael Krug (FFU)
Dr. Felix Chr. Matthes (Öko-Institut)
Dr. Lutz Mez (FFU)
Sybille Tempel (FFU)
Funding
Year
2000
Dimension
182 pp.
Project ID
827
Table of Contents

1 Introduction
2 Status Quo in the Sphere of Environment and energy
2.1 Czech Republic
2.1.1 Demographic and Economic Trends
2.1.2 Primary Energy Supply
2.1.3 Final Energy Consumption
2.1.4 Electricity Generation
2.1.5 District heating
2.1.6 Energy Markets
2.1.7 Energy and the Environment
2.2 Estonia
2.2.1 Demographic and Economic Trends
2.2.2 Primary Energy Supply
2.2.3 Final Energy Consumption
2.2.4 Electricity Generation
2.2.5 District heating
2.2.6 Energy Markets
2.2.7 Energy and the Environment
2.3 Hungary
2.3.1 Demographic and Economic Trends
2.3.2 Primary Energy Supply
2.3.3 Final Energy Consumption
2.3.4 Electricity Generation
2.3.5 District heating
2.3.6 Energy Markets
2.3.7 Energy and the Environment
2.4 Poland
2.4.1 Demographic and Economic Trends
2.4.2 Primary Energy Supply
2.4.3 Final Energy Consumption
2.4.4 Electricity Generation
2.4.5 District heating
2.4.6 Energy Markets
2.4.7 Energy and the Environment
2.5 Slovenia
2.5.1 Demographic and Economic Trends
2.5.2 Primary Energy Supply
2.5.3 Final Energy Consumption
2.5.4 Electricity Generation
2.5.5 District heating
2.5.6 Energy Markets
2.5.7 Energy and the Environment
2.6 Similarities and Differences
2.7 Conclusions
3 Analysis of the 'Acquis Communautaire'
3.1 Directives (existing and proposed)
3.1.1 Liberalisation of the Electricity Market
3.1.2 Liberalisation of the Gas Market
3.1.3 Energy Taxation
3.1.4 Large Combustion Plant Directive (and proposed revision)
3.1.5 SAVE Directive
3.1.6 Directives on the Labelling of the Consumption of Energy
3.1.7 Directives on Energy Efficiency Requirements for Household Appliances
3.1.8 Directive on Integrated Pollution Prevention and Control
3.2 Decisions and Programmes
3.3 Environmental Agreements
3.4 General Policies and Strategies for the Future
3.4.1 Combined Heat and Power (Co-generation)
3.4.2 Renewable Energy Sources
3.4.3 Energy Efficiency
3.5 Planned and Proposed Activities
3.5.1 Integrated Resource Planning Directive
4 Legal Gap Assessment
4.1 Czech Republic
4.1.1 Energy Markets and Energy Taxation
4.1.2 Plant Specific Directives
4.1.3 Energy Efficiency
4.1.4 Other Policies
4.1.5 Conclusion
4.2 Estonia
4.2.1 Energy Markets and Energy Taxation
4.2.2 Plant Specific Directives
4.2.3 Energy Efficiency
4.2.4 Decisions and Programmes
4.2.5 Conclusion
4.3 Hungary
4.3.1 Energy Markets and Energy Taxation
4.3.2 Plant Specific Directives
4.3.3 Energy efficiency
4.3.4 Other policies
4.3.5 Conclusions
4.4 Poland
4.4.1 Energy Markets and Energy Taxation
4.4.2 Plant Specific Directives
4.4.3 Energy Efficiency
4.4.4 Other Policies
4.4.5 Conclusion
4.5 Slovenia
4.5.1 Energy Markets and Energy Taxation
4.5.2 Plant Specific Directives
4.5.3 Energy Efficiency
4.5.4 Other Policies
4.5.5 Conclusion
4.6 Conclusion
5 Patterns of Regulation and Implementation (Policy Assessment)
5.1 Purpose of the Chapter
5.2 Rationale and Analytical Context
5.3 Analytical Framework
5.4 Methodology and Proposed Structure
5.5 Key Findings from the Country Studies
5.5.1 Czech Republic
5.5.2 Estonia
5.5.3 Hungary
5.5.4 Poland
5.5.5 Slovenia
5.6 Synopsis and Conclusions
6 Existing Co-operation
6.1 Czech Republic
6.1.1 PHARE
6.1.2 Programme/Fund MUFIS (Financing of Municipal Infrastructure)
6.1.3 Energy Efficiency Centres
6.1.4 Project Development
6.2 Estonia
6.2.1 Procurement of Ambient Air Quality Monitoring Equipment
6.2.2 Capacity 21 in Estonia
6.2.3 National Environmental Action Programme
6.2.4 Establishment of Regional Energy Centres
6.2.5 Local and regional energy planning
6.3 Hungary
6.3.1 Energy Saving Credit Fund - Energiatakarékossági Hitel Alap (EHA)
6.3.2 Energy Efficiency Program - ELÉG
6.3.3 Energy Saving Credit Program - Energiatakarékossági Hitel Program (EHP)
6.3.4 Building Network of Regional Energy Advisory Centres - SCORE Program
6.3.5 Energy Service Company (ESCO) – Prometheus
6.4 Poland
6.4.1 Polish Efficient Lighting Project - PELP
6.4.2 City-wide Energy Efficiency Investments Plans
6.4.3 Wood-waste Combustion
6.4.4 Education and Training of Local Administrators
6.4.5 Energie Cites
6.5 Slovenia
6.5.1 Wood biomass based DH in Gornji grad
6.5.2 Integrated Approach in Energy Efficiency in Heating in Fran Albreht Elementary School in Kamnik
6.5.3 Energy Conservation Strategy
6.5.4 Networking and Training of Energy Advisers
6.6 Results and Findings
6.6.1 Project Categories
6.6.2 Players
6.6.3 Other Findings
6.6.4 Recommendations
7 Conclusions and Recommendations
8 References

Keywords
Country Studies, Czech Republic, Estonia, Hungary, Poland, Slovenia