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Environmental Policy and Law in Bulgaria


Environmental Policy and Law in Bulgaria

Towards EU Accession

Within the context of the preparation for Bulgaria's EU accession, this exploratory study of the development of environmental policy in Bulgaria documents and analyses the status of harmonisation of environmental laws in Bulgaria in light of the relevant political, economic, legal and social framework.

One year after concrete negotiations on the accession of Bulgaria to the European Union have started, the European Commission has finalised its progress reports on the status of the harmonisation process. Significant further tasks to prepare for accession of the Balkan states are identified in these reports. This book is the most up-to-date report on the current status of environmental policy and legal development in Bulgaria. Environmental problems and their causes, the development of the environmental policy during the transformation process and the status of harmonisation with the EU environmental laws are analysed in light of Bulgaria's political, economic, legal and social framework. On this basis, further actions and advice on the process of harmonisation and the development of Bulgarian environmental policy are elaborated upon.The book is available at the price of 10,12 € and can be ordered by Amazon.


Carius, Alexander; Christine Krüger and Ingmar von Homeyer 2001: Environmental Policy and Law in Bulgaria. Towards EU Accession. [International and European Environmental Policy Studies ]. Berlin: Books on Demand.

English, German
Christine Krüger
Alexander Carius
Published In
Series: International and European Environmental Policy Studies
104 pp.
Table of Contents

List of Abbreviations

1 Introduction

2 Bulgaria's environmental situation
2.1 Air pollution
2.2 Energy sector
2.3 Water quality
2.4 Waste management
2.5 Nature conservation and soil quality
2.6 Trends

3 Bulgaria's environmental policy
3.1 Strategies and programmes
3.2 Central institutions and players
3.3 Central laws
3.4 Instruments
3.5 Intermediate Conclusions regarding environmental policy

4 Accession strategy: progress and short-comings
4.1 Status of formal legal transposition
4.2 Administrative and economic framework
4.3 Status of practical implementation and enforcement
4.4 Harmonisation status in the various environmental sectors
4.4.1 Horizantal legislation
4.4.2 Air quality control
4.4.3 Waste management
4.4.4 Water quality
4.4.5 Nature conservation
4.4.6 Industrial environmental protection and risk management
4.4.7 Noise protection
4.4.8 Chemicals and genetically modified organisms
4.4.9 Energy / Radioactivity
4.5 Assessment of the accession strategy

5 Conclusion
5.1 Establishment of administrative capacities
5.1.1 Administrative practice
5.1.2 Strengthening administrative structures on the regional and municipal levels
5.2 Horizontal legislation
5.2.1 Environmental impact assessment and IPPC directive
5.2.2 Access to information
5.2.3 Environmental policy strategies
5.3 Sector-specific measures
5.3.1 Air quality control
5.3.2 Water quality control
5.3.3 Waste management

6 Bibliography

accession, harmonization, environmental policy, legal development, environmental problems, air, energy, water, waste management, nature conservation, soil , European Union, Bulgaria