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Assessment of Electric Vehicle and Battery Technology


Duleep, Gopalakrishnan; Huib van Essen; Bettina Kampman et. al. 2011: Assessment of Electric Vehicle and Battery Technology. Impacts of Electric Vehicles - Deliverable 2. ICF/CE Delft/Ecologic Institute, Delft.

Gopalakrishnan Duleep (ICF)
Huib van Essen (CE Delft)
Bettina Kampman (CE Delft)
68 pp.
Project ID
Table of Contents

1 Introduction
1.1 Introduction to the project
1.2 Structure of this report
2 Battery technology
2.1 Introduction
2.2 Battery technology to 2020
2.3 Post-2020 technology of lithium batteries
2.4 Effect of battery ageing
2.5 Recycling options and cost
2.6 Material use
2.7 Battery cost and weight summary
3 Other vehicle components
3.1 Introduction
3.2 Motor, inverter and controller
3.3 Power control unit
3.4 High voltage harness and battery safety
3.5 HVAC units
3.6 Regenerative brakes
4 Energy use projections for EV
4.1 Introduction
4.2 Energy use per kilometre of travel
4.3 Overview of energy use estimates of entire FEV and PHEV
4.4 Energy use of vehicle production
5 Noise, safety and maintenance
5.1 Introduction
5.2 Noise and safety impacts
5.3 Maintenance of EV/PHEV relative to conventional vehicles
6 Projections of the EV market share
6.1 Overview of existing forecasts of market shares
6.2 Own projection of market shares
7 Conclusions of the EV technology analysis
7.1 Battery technology to 2030
7.2 Other major components
7.3 Safety issues
7.4 Vehicle production energy use and GHG emissions, life cycle issues
7.5 Market forecast

Transport, Climate, EU Environment, Policy Assessment, Greenhouse Gases, CO2-Emissions, Electric Vehicles, Plug-In Hybrid Electric Vehicles, Market Penetration, EU-27, Europe