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Theoretical Incentive Properties of Contingent Valuation Questions


Theoretical Incentive Properties of Contingent Valuation Questions

Do they matter in the field?

Contingent valuation studies and their results are often criticised. This paper describes the findings of an experimental survey that tests the influence of survey design on strategic behaviour.

Although being of major importance for the valuation of the benefits from environmental protection, contingent valuation studies and their results are often criticised, particularly regarding the validity of the interviewees' stated preferences.

This article deals with the problem of incentive compatibility in contingent valuation studies. It examines whether the particular scenario was chosen in a way that ensures the expression of the true preferences. Through an experimental survey carried out in Germany and Switzerland, it was examined to what extent different scenarios affect the willingness to pay. The authors did not find the expected effects as postulated theoretically in the economic literature.


Schläpfer, Felix and Ingo Bräuer 2006: "Theoretical incentive properties of contingent valuation questions: Do they matter in the field?" Ecological Economics, Vol. 62, No. 3-4, 451 - 460.

Felix Schläpfer
Published In
Ecological Economics Volume 62, Issue 3-4
9 pp.
Table of Contents

1. Introduction
2. Conceptual framework
3. Methods
3.1 Experimental design
3.2 Field sites
3.3 Survey procedures
3.4 Questionnaire
4. Result
4.1 Descriptive statistics
4.2 Effects on stated beliefs
4.3 Effects of stated willingsness to pay
5. Discussion
6. Conclusion

Environmental Integration, Contingent valuation, Incentives, Strategic Behavior,