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An Assessment of the Effects on Land Ownership and Land Grab on Development

An Assessment of the Effects on Land Ownership and Land Grab on Development

With a Particular Focus on Small Holdings and Rural Areas

In a policy brief for the European Parliament, researchers at Ecologic Institute examine how access to land affects development and poverty eradication in developing countries. The authors Christiane Gerstter, Timo Kaphengst, Doris Knoblauch and Krista Timeus discuss the assumption that land ownership increases productivity and provide an overview of land reforms and large-scale land acquisitions in developing countries. Finally, the brief provides a series of recommendations for European policy-makers. The brief is available for download.

The briefing An Assessment of the Effects of Land Ownership and Land Grab on Development - with a Particular Focus on Small Holdings and Rural Areas [pdf, 811 KB, English, French], conducted by Ecologic Institute,  examines how access to land affects development and poverty eradication in developing countries. The authors discuss the assumption that land ownership increases productivity and provide an overview of land reforms and large-scale land acquisitions in developing countries.

The brief was written as part of the framework contract on development policy. Christiane Gerstetter presented its results to the European Parliament’s development committee on 14 June 2011. It is available for download.


Citation

Gerstetter, Christiane; Doris Knoblauch; Timo Kaphengst and Krista Timeus 2011: An Assessment of the effects of land ownership and land grab on development - with a particular focus on small holdings and rural areas. Brussels: Ecologic Institute.

Language
English, French
Funding
Publisher
Year
2011
Dimension
32 pp.
Project ID
2610-13
Table of Contents

1 INTRODUCTION
2 DEVELOPMENT IMPORTANCE OF ACCESS TO LAND
2.1 THE IMPORTANCE OF LAND FOR THE POOR
2.2 TENURESHIP PATTERNS AND LAND POLICIES IN DEVELOPING COUNTRIES
2.3 IMPORTANCE OF PROPERTY RIGHTS – A CONTROVERSY
2.4 INSIGHTS FROM PAST LAND REFORMS
3 LAND GRABBING
3.1 UNDERLYING CAUSES
3.2 HOW DOES A LAND DEAL HAPPEN?
3.3 RISKS AND OPPORTUNITIES
4 OVERVIEW OF POLICY INITIATIVES
4.1 INTERNATIONAL GOVERNANCE MECHANISMS
4.1.1 RAI Principles
4.1.2 FAO Voluntary Guidelines
4.2 THE ROLE OF THE EU
5 RECOMMENDATIONS
6 BIBLIOGRAPHY

Keywords
land policy, development policy, governance, land-grabbing, developing countries, Europe, Africa