• English
  • Deutsch
Facebook icon
LinkedIn icon
Twitter icon
YouTube icon
Header image Ecologic

Analysis of Wildlife Crime in Five Member States

Analysis of Wildlife Crime in Five Member States

In-depth analysis
In-depth analyses of wildlife crime in five EU Member States

The Ecologic Institute, together with a consortium, conducted a study on wildlife crime, which gives an overview over the state of wildlife crime in Europe. As as a basis for this study, in-depth analyses were carried out for five EU member states. Ecologic Institute conducted the in-depth analysis of wildlife crime in Germany. The analysis concludes that Germany is not a main destination for illegal wildlife products from iconic species, but still an important destination for live animals like reptiles for the pet market. It is also an important transit country for ivory and other illegally traded animal parts from Western and Central Africa with East and South-East Asia as the main region of destination. The studies were compiled on behalf of the European Parliament and are available for download.

In-depth analyses have been compiled for five EU Member States:

Wildlife crime in Germany

Germany is quite active in promoting the fight against wildlife crime, both by cooperating closely with destination countries, sharing expertise and intelligence, and internally regarding demand reduction, e.g. regarding reptiles.

The cooperation between the various German authorities and institutions as well as with NGOs is reported to function well, formally as well as informally. Problems are mainly of an organisational nature; they result from the high number of competent authorities  which is due to the federal structure of the German political system.

Regarding enforcement, the study points out that there is a lack of specialised knowledge on wildlife crime in administrative, enforcement and judicial bodies, ultimately attributed to a general lack of prioritisation and resources allocated to wildlife crime issues.

Wildlife crime is a serious threat to biodiversity and sustainable development. The EU is both one of the most important markets for illegal wildlife products and an important actor in the fight against wildlife crime.


Klaas, Katharina, Stephan Sina & Christiane Gerstetter (2016): Wildlife Crime in Germany. In-depth Analysis for the ENVI Committee.

978-92-823-8994-2 (paper), 978-92-823-8995-9 (pdf)
Project ID
Table of Contents

Executive SUMMARY
1.    Introduction
2.    Wildlife crime in Germany
2.1.   Actors, species and trade routes
2.2.   National Crime statistics
2.3.   Inspections
2.4.   Seizures and confiscations
2.5.   Administrative and criminal offence proceedings
2.6.   Organised crime and money laundering
3.   Efforts to combat wildlife crime in Germany
3.1.   Authorities responsible for combating wildlife crime
3.2.   Legal framework
3.3.   Measures addressing the demand side
3.4.   Efforts made to combat wildlife crime
3.5.   Cooperation between authorities within Germany
3.6.   Interaction with other states
3.7.   Enforcement
3.8.   National and EU Action Plan
4.    Conclusions

wildife crime, EU action plan, CITES, environmental crime, environmental law, Germany