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Experiences of Bottom-up Adaptation Approaches in Europe and Beyond

Experiences of Bottom-up Adaptation Approaches in Europe and Beyond

This report takes stock of adaptation planning and measures to date in Europe and globally. Case studies for assessment were selected based on criteria developed in line with the key principles and objectives of BASE. The report provides a general assessment of 136 selected case studies focusing on aspects including types of measure, stakeholder groups involved, sectors, decision support tools (participatory and economic), and funding sources. A further nine case studies are then explored in more detail in regard to measure selection and methods.


Boteler, Benjamin; Katrina Abhold; Jenny Tröltzsch et al. 2015: Experiences of Bottom-up Adaptation Approaches in Europe and Beyond. BASE Deliverable 4.2.

Gil Penha-Lopes
Ana Lúcia Fonseca
Inês Campos
Anders Branth Pedersen
Anne Jensen
Ad Jeuken
Femke Schasfoort
Maaike Maarse
Mark Zandervoort
63 pp.
Project ID
Table of Contents

Executive Summary
1 Introduction
2 Types of climate change adaptation measures
2.1 Grey adaptation measures
2.2 Green adaptation measures
2.3 Soft adaptation measures
3 Methodology
3.1 Case study matrix and general review
3.2 Case study selection and in-depth characterisation
3.2.1 Criteria for inclusion in matrix
3.2.2 Criteria for in-depth assessment
4 Results
4.1 General assessment
4.1.1 Type of measures in reviewed case studies
4.1.2 Stakeholder groups in reviewed case studies
4.1.3 Scale of reviewed case studies
4.1.4 Sectors in reviewed case studies
4.1.5 Decision support tools in reviewed case studies
4.1.6 Funding sources in reviewed case studies
4.2 In-depth assessment
4.2.1 Grey adaptation case studies
4.2.2 Green adaptation case studies
4.2.3 Soft adaptation case studies
4.3 Database assessment
5 Conclusions

Adaptation, climate change, sustainability, Europe, cost-benefit analysis, stakeholder commitment, effectiveness of political instruments, knowledge transfer, bottom-up, top-down, environmental governance, Europe, United States, Singapore, Brazil, Peru, case studies