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Hintergrundpapier: Plastikpolitik in Deutschland und der EU

Hintergrundpapier: Plastikpolitik in Deutschland und der EU

Aktuelle Gesetze und Initiativen
Background Paper: Plastics Policy in Germany and the EU

Plastic pollution – especially the dramatic littering of the oceans – and the public concerns about it have powerfully brought the issue on the European and German political agenda. Since then, there have been a whole series of new initiatives to regulate plastics - especially at EU level.

This background paper provides an overview of existing and new laws and initiatives regarding plastics in Germany and the EU. Despite the multitude of approaches, guidelines and laws, regulatory gaps remain. The greatest need for action exists in the areas of strengthening recycling and use of recycled plastics as well as waste prevention. Waste prevention remains the unwanted child in the resource discourse, although it almost always represents the best option in terms of environmental policy.

The authors Linda Mederake, Mandy Hinzmann and Susanne Langsdorf accordingly urge for a stronger systems thinking. An interdepartmental, coordinated plastics strategy in Germany could combine the relevant activities of the plastics policy, work out an overarching plan taking into account the waste hierarchy and contribute to its implementation. In addition, clearly formulated and measurable goals should be defined and a process-accompanying success control should be established.


Mederake, Linda; Hinzmann, Mandy; Langsdorf, Susanne (2020): Hintergrundpapier: Plastikpolitik in Deutschland und der EU. Ecologic Institut: Berlin.

34 pp.
Project ID
Table of Contents

1 Einführung
2 Plastikpolitik in der EU
2.1 EU-Kunststoffstrategie
2.2 Einwegplastikrichtlinie
2.3 Geplantes Mikroplastikverbot unter REACH
2.4 Neuer Aktionsplan für die Kreislaufwirtschaft
2.5 Weitere relevante EU-Gesetzgebung
3 Plastikpolitik in Deutschland
3.1 Gesetze und Verordnungen zur Kunststoffsammlung und -verwertung
3.2 Politische Maßnahmen zur Vermeidung von Plastikmüll und Plastikeinträgen in die Umwelt
4 Fazit

plastic waste, waste prevention, plastic reduction, regulation, recycling, plastics strategy, plastics policy, Germany, Europe