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Convergence with EU Waste Policies

Convergence with EU Waste Policies

Short Guide for ENP Partners and Russia

Uncontrolled landfills, excessive littering and an increasing share of electronic waste pose a threat to human health and the environment. To address these problems, the EU has established a waste hierarchy which prioritises the management and treatment of waste. The prevention of unnecessary waste production and the utilization of waste as a source of energy rank at the top of the list. Willing to complement the EU's efforts to improve waste management practices within the Union, the European Neighbourhood Policy (ENP) promotes cooperation between the EU and its Eastern and Southern neighbours. To support the effort, the European Commission has issued a guide to environmentally sound waste management for its European neighbours and Russia.

Drafted by Ecologic Fellow Alexander Neubauer, the guide outlines a wide range of benefits deriving from compliance with EU waste policies like the EC Regulation on Waste Shipment. However, the socio-economic gains associated with these successes will not materialise unless the main challenges to convergence, such as inadequate waste management systems, are overcome. To achieve this goal, the guide serves as a roadmap toward sound waste management.

The guide is the results of Ecologic's project Environmental Components of the European Neighbourhood Policy.

The guide can be downloaded in four languages:

This guide on waste policy is part of a series of short convergence guides for ENP Partners and Russia published by the European Commission. Their purpose is to help EU neighbours realise the benefits associated with ENP Action Plans.

The following guides have been published in this series:


Neubauer, Alexander 2007: Convergences with EU Waste Policies - Short Guide for ENP Partners and Russia. Brussels: European Communities.

Arabic, English, French, Russian
34 pp.
Project ID
Table of Contents

1 Introduction

2 In a Nutshell

3 Expected Benefits of Convergence

4 Overview of EU Waste Policy
4.1 Basic Rules for Waste Management
4.1.1 Waste Framework Directive
4.1.2 Hazardous Waste Directive
4.1.3 Waste Shipment Regulation
4.2 Rules for specific waste streams (“recycling/recovery directives”)
4.2.1 Directive on Packaging Waste
4.2.2 Directive on End-of-life vehicles
4.2.3 Directive on waste electrical and electronic equipment
4.2.4 Directive on the management of waste from extractive industries
4.3 Rules for specific waste treatment modes
4.3.1 Landfill Directive
4.3.2 Waste Incineration Directive

5 Current situation with respect to Policy Sector
5.1 EU’s Eastern ENP partners and Russia
5.2 EU’s Mediterranean Partners

6 Implementation Considerations for ENP Partners and Russia
6.1 Waste Management as a Matter of Public Interest
6.1.1 Designation of Waste Authorities and Waste Management Planning
6.1.2 Installation of a waste collection service and fines against
6.2 From uncontrolled landfills to controlled landfills
6.2.1 Landfills in the waste management plans
6.2.2 Landfills for hazardous waste
6.3 Exclusion of certain waste streams from “legal” landfills
6.3.1 Promotion of recovery and recycling of certain waste streams
6.3.2 Ban of organic waste from landfills to reduce greenhouse gas emissions
6.4 Promote controls of waste shipments in accordance with the Basel Convention
6.5 Flexible Instruments to achieve the diversion of waste streams from landfills to other treatments
6.6 Legislative Considerations and Mechanisms in the Context of Implementation
6.7 Cost Estimations with regard to Implementation
6.8 Lessons learned

7 Literature and Further Reading

8 Directives

ENP, European Commission, European Neighbourhood Policy, waste, waste policy, waste management, Waste Framework Directive, waste hierarchy, EU, Russia