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Convergence with EU Air Protection Policies


Convergence with EU Air Protection Policies

Short Guide for ENP Partners and Russia

Air pollution damages human health and natural ecosystems. The enormous magnitude of long-range automotive transport as well as stationary sources such as combustion plants contribute to the depletion of biodiversity and natural resources. Willing to complement the EU’s efforts to halt this trend, the European Neighbourhood Policy (ENP) promotes air protection policy cooperation between the EU and its Eastern and Southern neighbours. To support the effort, the European Commission has issued a guide to air protection for its European neighbours and Russia.

Drafted by Ecologic Fellow Ruta Landgrebe, the guide outlines the benefits deriving from compliance with EU air protection policies like the emission ceilings directive (EC Directive on National Emission Ceilings for Certain Atmospheric Pollutants). However, the environmental and socio-economic gains associated with these successes will not materialise unless the main challenges to convergence are overcome. To achieve this goal, the guide serves as a roadmap toward less air pollution.

The guide is the results of Ecologic's project Environmental Components of the European Neighbourhood Policy.

The guide can be downloaded in four languages:

This guide on air protection policy is part of a series of short convergence guides for ENP Partners and Russia published by the European Commission. Their purpose is to help EU neighbours realise the benefits associated with ENP Action Plans.

The following guides have been published in this series:


Landgrebe, Ruta 2008: Convergence with EU Air Protection Policies - Short Guide for ENP Partners and Russia. Brussels: European Communities.

Arabic, English, French, Russian
30 pp.
Project ID
Table of Contents

1 Introduction

2 In a Nutshell

3 Expected Benefits of Convergence

4 Overview of EU Air Policy
4.1 Overarching Principles of Air Quality Management in the EU
4.2 Ambient air quality assessment and management and standards
4.2.1 The Air Quality Framework Directive 96/62/EC and its Daughter Directives
4.2.2 Exchange of Information Decision (97/101/EC)
4.3 National emission ceilings
4.3.1 The National Emission Ceilings Directive 2001/81/EC
4.4 Emissions standards for stationary sources
4.4.1 The Large Combustion Plants Directive 2001/80/EC
4.5 Emissions standards for mobile sources
4.5.1 Directives on Emission from Light-duty Vehicles
4.5.2 The Directive Relating to the Quality of Petrol and Diesel Fuels (98/70/EC)
4.6 Further recent developments in EU air quality policy
4.6.1 Proposal for a Directive on ambient air quality and cleaner air for Europe (COM(2005) 447)
4.6.2 Proposal for a Directive on industrial emissions (COM(2007) 844)

5 Current Situation with Respect to the Air
Policy Sector in ENP Partner Countries and Russia
5.1 EU’s Eastern ENP Partner Countries and Russia
5.1.1 Main Environmental Pressures
5.2 Mediterranean ENP Partner Countries
5.2.1 Main environmental pressures

6 Conclusions for ENP partner countries

7 References and Further Reading

ENP, European Commission, European Neighbourhood Policy, Air Quality, IPPC, Air Pollution, Emission, CO2, Combustion Plants, Emission Ceilings, Greenhouse Gas, industrial emissions, Groundwater Directive, Waste Water Directive, Drinking Water Directive, EU, Russia