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EU-Enlargement: Impact of the Common Agricultural Policy (CAP) on Environment and Nature Conservation

Publication

EU-Enlargement: Impact of the Common Agricultural Policy (CAP) on Environment and Nature Conservation

The forthcoming enlargement of the European Union poses a major political, economic and ecological challenge for the EU, the Member States and the Candidate Countries. One of the last and most difficult chapters to be discussed in the accession negotiations is the agricultural chapter of the aquis communautaire. The presentations and additional background information of the international workshop entitled "EU Enlargement: Impact of the Common Agricultural Policy (CAP) on Environment and Nature" that took place on 4-5 September 2001 in Bonn have been published in the BfN-Skripten.

The aim of this International Workshop was to facilitate the exchange of knowledge and information concerning the EU-Enlargement, the Common Agricultural Policy and aspects related to environmental protection and nature conservation. In the first part of the Workshop, an overview was provided on these subjects as well as assessments on the impacts of the Common Agricultural Policy on nature and environment from the perspective of the Candidate Countries and the Member States. Within the second part of the Workshop, the complex interactions between agriculture, rural development, environment and nature conservation were discussed and assessed. The results were summarised through the elaboration of a scenario of this interaction.

The Workshop has brought together an interdisciplinary selection of participants consisting of representatives from the German Federal Ministry of Environment, Nature Protection and Nuclear Safety, the German Federal Agency for Nature Conservation, the German Federal Environmental Agency as well as scientists and NGOs.

As part of Ecologic's preparation for the workshop a background paper was developed outlining the Common Agricultural Policy (CAP) and its major reforms as well as the most important instruments of the CAP regarding environment and nature, such as the rural development regulation, including agri-environmental programmes, cross-compliance and modulation. Furthermore, the EU-Enlargement negotiations, especially those regarding the agricultural chapter of the aquis communautaire, were highlighted.


Citation

BfN (ed.) 2002: EU-Enlargement: Impact of the Common Agricultural Policy on Environment and Nature Conservation. Workshop Proceedings. Bonn: Bundesamt für Naturschutz (BfN).

Language
English
Author(s)
Keya Choudhury
Publisher
Year
2002
Published In
Series: BfN-Skripten , Vol.57
Dimension
113 pp.
Project ID
1930
Table of Contents

1 PROGRAMME
2 BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES 
2.1 COMMON AGRICULTURAL POLICY (CAP) 
2.1.1 Development of the Common Agricultural Policy 
2.1.2 Agenda 2000 
2.1.3 CAP: Options for Nature and Environment in the Member States 
2.2 EU ENLARGEMENT 
2.2.1 Situation of Nature and Environment in Candidate Countries 
2.2.2 Effects of Agricultural Transformation in the Candidate Countries on Environment and Nature 
2.2.3 Negotiating EU enlargement 
3 SUMMARIES OF THE PRESENTATIONS 
3.1 EU-ENLARGEMENT AND AQUIS COMMUNAUTAIRE (INGMAR VON HOMEYER, ECOLOGIC)
3.2 RURAL DEVELOPMENT  (DIRK SCHUBERT, NOVA) 
3.3 CAP POLICY OPTIONS FOR AGRI-ENVIRONMENTAL POLICY (PETER TORKLER, WWF) 
3.4 SOCIO-POLITICAL CHANGES AND AGRICULTURAL TRANSFORMATION IN CANDIDATE COUNTRIES (FRANZ GATZWEILER, HUMBOLDT-UNIVERSITY BERLIN) 
3.5 IMPACTS OF THE CAP ON NATURE AND ENVIRONMENT IN THE PERSPECTIVE OF THE CANDIDATE COUNTRIES (PROF. WYN GRANT , UNIVERSITY OF WARWICK - GREAT BRITAIN)
3.6 IMPACTS OF THE CAP ON NATURE AND ENVIRONMENT IN THE PERSPECTIVE OF THE CANDIDATE COUNTRIES (ISTVAN FÉSÜS, MINISTRY OF AGRICULTURE AND RURAL DEVELOPMENT - HUNGARY) 
3.7 INTEGRATING ENVIRONMENTAL REQUIREMENTS IN AGRICULTURAL POLICY IN SELECTED CANDIDATE COUNTRIES (DOROTEA METERA, IUCN OFFICE FOR CENTRAL EUROPE - POLAND)
3.8 APPRAISAL OF POTENTIAL IMPACT OF THE CAP ON NATURE AND ENVIRONMENT IN CANDIDATE COUNTRIES (JAN ERIK PETERSEN, EEA - DENMARK)
4 DEVELOPMENT OF SCENARIOS 
4.1 PREPARATORY PHASE AND INTRODUCTORY DISCUSSIONS
4.1.1 Methodology
4.1.2 Identification of objectives, target groups and definitions
4.1.3 Brainstorming
4.1.4 Validation
4.1.5 Diversification of Environmental Objectives
4.1.6 Discussion of Interdependencies Between the Categories
4.2 ELABORATION OF SCENARIOS 
4.2.1 Methodology 
4.2.2 Baseline Scenario
5 GLOSSARY
6 LIST OF PARTICIPANTS
7 BIBLIOGRAPHY
8 ANNEX
8.1 PRESENTATIONS
8.2 SCENARIO
8.3 PRELIMINARY RESULTS OF THE WORKSHOP

Keywords
CAP, Common Agricultural Policy, Agenda 2000, Nature, Environment, Member States, EU Enlargement, Candidate Countries, Agricultural Transformation, Negotiations, Aquis Communautaire, Rural Development, Agri-Environmental Policy, Preparatory Phase, Identification of objectives, target groups, Validation, Diversification, rural development regulation, agri-environmental programmes, cross-compliance, modulation,