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EU: CAP and Enlargement – an Opportunity for Nature and Environment?

EU: CAP and Enlargement – an Opportunity for Nature and Environment?

On 19-21 February, 2003 the international conference entitled "EU: CAP and Enlargement - An Opportunity for Environment and Nature?" took place in Potsdam, Germany. The primary goal of the conference was to analyse and discuss the complex interactions between EU enlargement, the Common Agricultural Policy and the related impacts on nature and environment. In October 2003 the conference proceedings have been published in the series BfN-Skripten of the German Federal Agency for Nature Conservation.

The conference was part of an Ecologic project on behalf of the German Federal Agency for Nature Conservation. In preparation for the conference, a background paper was developed and a survey was conducted. The background paper presents various scenarios outlining the interactions between different aspects of CAP funding mechanisms, transition processes, land use changes and environmental impacts. In addition, different instruments of the CAP, such as direct payments, modulation or cross-compliance, as well as their related impacts on environment and nature were analysed. The primary goal of the survey was to identify the specific situation in the Candidate Countries concerning the Common Agricultural Policy (CAP), EU-Enlargement and their impact on environment and nature.

This publication contains the background paper [pdf, 58 KB, English], the results of the questionnaire and the presentations of the conference. BfN-Skripten are not available in book trade. The publication ist included in the literature database DNL-online.


Kraemer, R. Andreas; Tanja Dräger; Ruta Landgrebe et al. 2003: EU: CAP and Enlargement - An Opportunity for Nature and Environment? [BfN-Skripten 92]: Bundesamt für Naturschutz (BfN).

Keya Choudhury
Published In
282 pp.
Project ID
Table of Contents

1 Conference Programme
2 List of Participants
3 Abstract of the Conference
4  Background Paper
4.1 Introduction
4.2 Presentation of the Initial Situation and Scenarios as well as Project Constraints
4.3 Methods, policy instruments and questionnaire
4.4 Presentation of the Scenarios
4.5 Scenario 1: "Phasing-in of Direct Payments (DP) in the Candidate Countries"
4.6 Scenario 2: "Mid-Term Review Proposals"
4.7 Scenario 3: "Flat Rate Area Payment"
4.8 Glossary
4.9 Bibliography
4.10 Overview of the negative and positive impact of the particular common agricultural instruments on environment and nature
5 Questionnaire Results
5.1 Background and methods used
5.2 Environmental Standards, Cross-Compliance & Agri-Environmental Programmes
5.3 Direct Payments & Modulation
5.4 Special Measure for Semi-Subsistence Farms & Less Favoured Areas
5.5 Conclusions
6 Conference Papers
6.1 First Session: Opening
6.2. Second Session: Methods, Policy instruments and questionnaire
6.3  Third Session Scenario 1: Phasing-in of Direct Payments
6.4  Fourth Session Scenario 2: Mid-term review proposals
6.5  Fifth Session Scenario 3: Flat Rate Area Payments
6.6  Final Session: Conclusion and Outlook

EU-Enlargement, Common Agricultural Policy, environment, nature, environmental protection, nature conservation, agriculture, rural development, agri-environmental instruments,