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Investigating Options for Different Compliance Systems for PEF and OEF Declarations

Investigating Options for Different Compliance Systems for PEF and OEF Declarations

Determining environmental impacts of products is complex. In this study, BIO IS, the Institute for European Environmental Policy (IEEP) and the Ecologic Institute investigated approaches for verifying that claims made by companies on the environmental properties of products or their own overall environmental performance are correct. The study was commissioned by the European Commission, DG Environment. The Ecologic Institute contributed an analysis on the law of the World Trade Organziation as far as relevant for related policy measures. The report is available for download.



Jan, Olivier; Clément Tostivint; Marion Sarteel et al. 2014: Investigating options for different compliance systems for PEF and OEF declarations.

Olivier Jan, BIO Intelligence Service
Clément Tostivint, BIO Intelligence Service
Marion Sarteel, BIO Intelligence Service
Catherine Gomy, BIO Intelligence Service
Doreen Fedrigo-Fazio, IEEP
Jane Desbarats, IEEP
Bettina Kretschmer, IEEP
108 pp.
Table of Contents

Executive Summary

Chapter 1. Introduction

1.1 The general context for product and organisation environmental information
1.2 Objectives of the study
1.3 Data collection

Chapter 2. Terminology and Standards

2.1 Basic terms
2.2 Key terminology used in the field of conformity assessment
2.3 Standards used in the field of conformity assessment

Chapter 3. Identification and Review of relevant schemes

3.1 Initial identification of relevant schemes
3.2 General description of the schemes reviewed
3.3 Cross analysis of the compliance systems
3.4 Synthesis of the key features of the compliance systems

Chapter 4. Relevant WTO rules for compliances systems
4.1 WTO definitions and applicable law
4.2 Agreement on Technical Barriers to Trade (TBT)
4.3 General Agreement on Tariffs and Trade (GATT)
4.4 Link with possible PEF/OEF policies
4.5 Conclusion


5.1 Verification in practice: operationalizing PEF/OEF requirements in view of compliance checks
5.2 Discussion on the cost of PEF/OEF verification
5.3 Possible directions for the future PEF/OEF compliance system

Chapter 6. Conclusion

6.1 Key learnings
6.2 Recommendations

ANNEX 1. Involved stakeholders
ANNEX 2. “Descriptive factsheets" (27 schemes)
ANNEX 3. “Compliance systems" factsheets (14 schemes)
ANNEX 4. Control points for PEF and OEF requirements
ANNEX 5. Proposition for basic, intermediate and advanced PEF and PEFCR methodological requirements