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Spatially Differentiated Regulation: Can it save the Baltic Sea from excessive N-loads?

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Spatially Differentiated Regulation: Can it save the Baltic Sea from excessive N-loads?

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Citation

Jens Christian Refsgaard, Anne L. Hansen, Anker L. Højberg, Jørgen E. Olesen, Fatemeh Hashemi, Przemyslaw Wachniew, Anders Wörman, Alena Bartosova, Nico Stelljes, Boris Chubarenko (2019): Spatially differentiated regulation: Can it save the Baltic Sea from excessive N-loads?. Ambio, https://doi.org/10.1007/s13280-019-01195-w

The Baltic Sea Action Plan and the EU Water Framework Directive both require substantial additional reductions of nutrient loads (N and P) to the marine environment. Focusing on nitrogen, we present a widely applicable concept for spatially differentiated regulation, exploiting the large spatial variations in the natural removal of nitrate in groundwater and surface water. By targeting mitigation measures towards areas where nature’s own capacity for removal is low, spatially differentiated regulation can be more cost-effective than the traditional uniform regulation. We present a methodology for upscaling local modelling results on targeted measures at field scale to Baltic Sea drainage basin scale. The paper assesses the potential gain and discusses key challenges related to implementation of spatially differentiated regulation, including the need for more scientific knowledge, handling of uncertainties, practical constraints related to agricultural practice and introduction of co-governance regimes.

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Language
English
Authorship
Jens Christian Refsgaard
Anne L. Hansen
Anker L. Højberg
Jørgen E. Olesen
Fatemeh Hashemi
Przemyslaw Wachniew
Anders Wörman
Alena Bartosova
Funding
Published in
Ambio A Journal of the Human Environment
Published by
Year
Dimension
12 pp.
ISSN
0044-7447 (Print) 1654-7209 (Online)
DOI
Keywords
Baltic Sea drainage basin, Co-governance, EU Water Framework Directive, N-loads from agriculture, Spatially differentiated regulation
Baltic Sea region