• English
  • Deutsch
Facebook icon
LinkedIn icon
Twitter icon
YouTube icon
Header image Ecologic

Regulation: Solutions at the Wrong End.

Regulation: Solutions at the Wrong End.

Plastic Atlas 2019: Facts and figures about the world of synthetic polymers
Most of the regulations dealing with plastics aim at waste disposal and unilaterally hold consumers responsible.

There are numerous regulatory approaches at international, regional and national level regarding the handling of plastic products and plastic waste. What they all have in common is their limited effectiveness. In their contribution, Linda Mederake, Stephan Gürtler and Doris Knoblauch (all Ecologic Institute) argue that this is partly due to the fact that at the international level a large number of binding agreements and voluntary initiatives have developed independently of one another and are therefore not coordinated in terms of content. On the other hand, the existing agreements often reduce the plastic problem to waste disposal. As a result, they are unable to grasp the full consequences of plastics consumption. The Plastic Atlas 2019 is available online.

At the national level, regulatory approaches have been limited primarily to the collection and recycling of plastics in the past. This includes extended producer responsibility, which was introduced in Germany in 1991 with the dual systems. For a number of years now, more and more countries have been directly addressing the prevention of plastics, for example in the case of plastic bags, by imposing requirements or bans. However, as a rule these are very narrowly defined. At the same time, however, there are also pioneering countries such as Costa Rica and India that are striving for a general ban on disposable plastics.

In their contribution, Linda Mederake, Stephan Gürtler and Doris Knoblauch emphasise that the various existing regulatory approaches do not change anything about a fundamental problem: There are hardly any binding regulations that oblige manufacturers to curb production or develop products that are easy to recycle. In addition, the existing regulations do not cover a large proportion of plastic or microplastic inputs into the environment, such as tyre wear.

In 19 chapters, the Plastic Atlas deals with very different aspects of plastics, illustrated with infographics. The Plastic Atlas looks among other things at the increasing global production of plastics and explains the life cycle of plastics from extraction, processing and use to disposal and it addresses the associated problems.


Mederake, Linda; Gürtler, Stephan; Knoblauch, Doris (2019): Regulation: Solutions at the Wrong End. In: Heinrich-Böll-Stiftung und BUND – Bund für Umwelt und Naturschutz Deutschland (Eds.): Plastic Atlas 2019. Facts and figures about the world of synthetic polymers. Berlin.

English, German
Published In
Plastic Atlas 2019
2 p.
Project ID
Table of Contents


12 brief lessons on plastic and the planet
History: breakthrough in three letters
Throwaway culture: why the world is wallowing in waste
Usage: blessing and curse
Health: food chemistry
Gender: overexposed
Food: tasty morsels
Clothing: wearing thin
Tourism: turning the tide  on the tide of trash?
Climate change: not green, but greenhouse
Water: all at sea?
Corporations: blaming the consumer
Affluence: the child of global trade
“Bioplastics”: replacing oil with maize is no solution
Waste management: we cannot recycle our way  out of the plastic crisis
Waste exports: the rubbish dump is closed
Waste picking: scraps from the table
Regulation: solutions at the wrong end
Civil society: how the plastic-free movement is exposing the giants
Zero waste: stopping the problem at the source

Authors and sources for  data and graphics
About us

regulation, governance, plastics, marine litter, marine pollution, G7, G20, EU, plastics, packaging, single-use plastics, producer responsibility, plastic bags, microplastics, tyre wear, plastic pollution, global