Globalization and Climate Change: State of knowledge, emerging issues, and policy implications
Jakob, M. (2022). Globalization and climate change: State of knowledge, emerging issues, and policy implications. Wiley Interdisciplinary Reviews: Climate Change, e771. https://doi.org/10.1002/wcc.771
In an integrated global economy, trade policy and climate policy are closely intertwined. In this paper, Ecologic Institute's Dr. Michael Jakob adopts an interdisciplinary approach to provide an overview of the key debates in economics, political science, and legal studies related to globalization and climate change. He identifies a number of emerging issues that deserve increased attention in future research in this direction.
These include international financial flows, migration, telecommunication, and digitization as well as changing lifestyles and consumption patterns across the globe. He also presents potential research question regarding the diversification of import and export portfolios in the face of growing climate impacts and the decarbonization of industry, aviation, and shipping. Finally, he discusses how these recent developments could shape trade and climate policy formulation. He concludes that ambitious climate policies seem more likely to flourish in an open world trading system which provides sufficient flexibility for individual countries to adopt nationally appropriate climate policies.