Skip to main content

Policy Avenues towards a Climate-Neutral Europe

Cover of the 4i-traction report "Policy Avenues towards a Climate-Neutral Europe"

© Ecologic Institute


Policy Avenues towards a Climate-Neutral Europe


Görlach, Benjamin, Leon Martini, Ricarda Faber, Aaron Best, Pol Fontanet Pérez (2022): Report on core instruments and avenues for transformative climate policies. 4i-TRACTION Deliverable 4.1. Ecologic Institute; Berlin.

The report maps out four policy avenues for how the EU could attain climate neutrality. The policy avenues consist of a mix of policy instruments sequenced over time, and the institutional arrangements to deliver them. Each policy avenue embodies a different paradigm, i.e., a different approach to (climate) policymaking. They thus sketch different paths that the EU could follow to align its climate policy with the goal of climate neutrality by 2050.

The policy avenues were developed with expert stakeholders in a policy lab, consisting of several workshops. The experts were given the task to sketch what transformative EU climate policy could look like when following one of the four paradigms. The resulting policy avenues were further developed by the research team and are described in the report.


More content from this project

Pol Fontanet Pérez

This report would not have been possible without the experts that participated in the 4i-TRACTION policy lab. We are thankful for their generosity with their time and their valuable insights. Moreover, the authors would like to thank Bettina Kampman (CE Delft), Harm Rienks (WUR), and Claire Dupont (U Ghent) for constructive feedback on a draft of this report. Matthias Duwe (Ecologic Institute) provided valuable input to the conceptualisation of the policy lab. Brendan Moore (VUB) and Emiel van der Toorn (CE Delft) helped realising the workshop in Brussels. So did Jonathan Gardiner (Ecologic Institute), who also provided important editorial support. Several consortium members, who participated at the pilot in Berlin and at the internal workshops, provided useful comments. A special thanks to Dexter Docherty, Trish Lavery (both OECD), Vadim Konnenko (EEA), and Hanna Parnow (ZOE) for their guidance in designing the co-creative workshops and foresight activities. All errors and omissions remain
those of the authors

Published by
141 pp.
Project ID
Table of contents