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Ecosystem Services Linked to Shipping in the Baltic

Ecosystem Services Linked to Shipping in the Baltic

Deliverable 5.2 – Sustainable Shipping and Environment of the Baltic Sea Region (SHEBA)

This report aims to provide an understanding of the costs of degradation due to shipping in the Baltic Sea. To do this, the report provides an in-depth look at the pressures created, changes to state and health, and ultimately how this does or could impact human well being.

Shipping pressures in the Baltic Sea are numerous, ranging from emissions to air and water emissions to noise emissions and their impacts can potentially lead to effects such as on human health, losses to commercial fishing or decreased tourist arrivals. Costs of degradation within this study encompass both the natural environment as well as social impacts. In addition, costs are understood as both losses to ecosystem services as well as costs incurred in an effort to abate the negative externalities of shipping (i.e. environmental costs). The result is both a quantitative and qualitative assessment and should be a useful guide to researchers, NGOs, industry, and policy makers seeking to know more about how shipping in the Baltic Sea impacts human well being and therefore support with the identification and prioritisation of policy options and measures to reduce pressures.


Citation

Tröltzsch, Jenny et. al. 2015: Report on ecosystem services linked to shipping in the Baltic. Deliverable 5.2. BONUS Research project Sustainable Shipping and Environment of the Baltic Sea Region (SHEBA).

Language
English
Author(s)
Tien Nguyen, T., Roth, E. (Southern Denmark University)
Granhag, L., Eriksson, M., Ytreberg, E. (Chalmers)
Matthias, V. (HZG)
Moldanova, J. (IVL)
Peltonen, H., Pajala, J. (SYKE)
Jalkanen J.P. (FMI)
Ilja Maljutenko (TUT)
Funding
Year
2015
Dimension
143 pp.
Project ID
2270
Table of Contents

1 INTRODUCTION
1.1 Developing an assessment framework
1.2 Developing scenarios to understand potential changes
2 APPROACH
2.1 Stakeholder consultation
2.2 The ecosystem services approach
2.2.1 The ecosystem services concept
2.2.2 Assessment approach
2.2.3 Economic valuation
2.3 The abatement costs approach
2.3.1 Shadow price
3 SHIPPING IN THE BALTIC: COSTS OF DEGRADATION
3.1 Stakeholder feedback
3.2 Ecosystem services assessment
3.2.1 Pressures caused by shipping
3.2.2 Shipping induced changes to the state of the Baltic Sea
3.2.3 Impacts on human well being
3.2.4 Case Study: The impact of air emissions from ships on human health in the Baltic Sea region
3.2.5 Case Study: The impact of nutrients from shipping on cod reproduction in the Baltic Sea
3.2.6 Case Study: The impacts of underwater noise from ships in the Baltic Sea
3.2.7 Summary on ecosystem services assessment
3.3 Calculated Abatement Costs of Shipping in the Baltic .
3.3.1 Abatement Costs of Air Emissions
3.3.2 Abatement Costs of Water Pollution
3.3.3 Summary of abatement costs of shipping in the Baltic
4 SUMMARY ON COSTS OF DEGRADATION
LITERATURE
APPENDIX

Keywords
Baltic Sea