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Measures for the Promotion of Electric Vehicles

Measures for the Promotion of Electric Vehicles

Combining measures and sequencing them over time is key for inducing full market transformation

The introduction of electric vehicles (EVs) is one way to significantly reduce emissions from cars — if combined with a transition to a renewable electricity system — thus helping countries meet their climate and air quality goals. Numerous governments around the world have already implemented or are considering measures to accelerate the uptake of EVs.

This study, commissioned by Greenpeace, analyses a range of existing measures that have a direct impact on the increased uptake of electric passenger cars with respect to 1) the measures’ overall effectiveness in incentivising EV purchases; 2) the ease of administering them; 3) affordability for governments; and 4) the consistency with other goals, mainly with the goal of reducing traffic.

The main findings of this study are:

  • Making charging infrastructure available is crucial.
  • Prescribing the use of EVs or phasing out internal combustion engine cars is most effective.
  • Any support scheme needs to reflect rapid changes in the electric mobility sector.
  • Combining measures and sequencing them over time is key for inducing full market transformation.
  • Financial benefits for EVs are most effective when combined with disincentives for internal combustion engine cars.
  • Governments should promote their EV support measures, ensuring their maximum usage.

The full study is available in English; the executive summary can be downloaded in different languages.


Velten, Eike Karola, Stoll, Theresa; Meinecke, Lisa (2019): Measures for the promotion of electric vehicles. Ecologic Institute, Berlin. Commissioned by Greenpeace e.V.

53 pp.
Project ID
Table of Contents

Executive Summary
1 Introduction
2 EV quota for car companies
3 Bans of new internal combustion engine cars
4 Public and private procurement provisions for EVs
5 Grants for the purchase of EVs
6 Tax benefits during EV purchase or registration
7 Tax benefits for electric company cars
8 Exemptions or reductions from the circulation tax
9 Free parking and access to bus lanes for EVs
10 Financial support and requirements for charging infrastructure
11 Conclusion and key findings
12 Bibliography

Mobility, Electric Vehicles, Electromobility, Policy evaluation, Energy transition, Transport sector, Charging Infrastructure, Incentives, quota, measures, global with focus on EU28, Literature Review