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Financing a Sustainable European Economy. Taxonomy

Financing a Sustainable European Economy. Taxonomy

Technical Report

In this study Ecologic Institute and partners are supporting the EU Technical Expert Group on Sustainable Finance (TEG) sub-group on taxonomy in developing the agriculture subset of the Taxonomy in relation to climate mitigation objectives and extend its understanding in the area of agriculture. The study is available for download.

In order to achieve this aim, the study will:

  1. Develop a profile of activities in the agriculture sector that would be material to support substantial reductions in existing emissions while also supporting, or at the very least not negatively affecting, increased resilience and adaptation to climate change
  2. Develop options for selection criteria and thresholds for different mitigation and adaptation actions in the agriculture sector to ensure that these activities 1) substantially contribute to climate change mitigation and adaptation, and 2) do not significantly harm any of the other environmental objectives defined in Article 5 of the proposed Regulation on Taxonomy
  3. Provide ad-hoc support to the TEG Taxonomy sub-group


EU Technical Expert Group on Sustainable Finance (ed.) 2019: Financing a Sustainable European Economy. Taxonomy. Technical Report. European Commission: Brussels.

414 pp.
Project ID
Table of Contents

Part A: Explanation of the Taxonomy approach

1. Context and rationale
1.1 An introduction - Why have an EU Taxonomy?
1.2 Background - The EU environment and climate action framework
1.3 The role of sustainable finance
2. The Technical Expert Group
2.1 Mandate and work to date
3. Principles for Taxonomy development
3.1 Principles enshrined in regulation
3.2 Additional principles developed by TEG

Part B: Methodology for developing the Taxonomy

4. Sector framework
5. Economic and environmental systems
6. Climate change mitigation
6.1 Work process – conceptual approach
6.2 Methodology for selecting sectors and economic activities
6.3 Defining substantial contribution to climate change mitigation
6.4 Eligibility of finance for activities contributing substantially to mitigation
6.5 Mitigation activities table
7. Climate change adaptation
7.1 Work process – conceptual approach
7.2 Defining substantial contribution to climate change adaptation
7.3 Adaptation screening criteria
7.4 Eligibility of finance for activities contributing substantially to adaptation
7.5 Classification of climate-related hazards
7.6 Sectoral sensitivity to climate hazards
7.7 Adaptation activities table
8. Do no significant harm (DNSH)
8.1 DNSH to climate change adaptation (for other environmental objectives)
8.2 DNSH to environmental objectives 3-6
9. Climate change mitigation worked example
10. Climate change adaptation worked example

Part C: Taxonomy user and use case analysis

11. Users of the Taxonomy
11.1 Defining the users
11.2 Obligations for Taxonomy users
12. Implementation matters
12.1 General implementation approach
12.2 Differences by asset classes
12.3 Case Studies
13. Data: availability analysis and results
13.1 Revenue breakdown by Taxonomy-related activities
13.2 Environmental data
14. Role of companies
14.1 Advantages of reporting to facilitate the implementation of the Taxonomy
15. Role of data providers

Part D: Economic impacts of the Taxonomy

16. Expected impacts of the Taxonomy
16.1 Coverage of the Taxonomy and financial quantitative impact assessment
16.2 Qualitative analysis of the transmission channels of the Taxonomy
16.3 Cost and benefit analysis for relevant stakeholders
16.4 Conclusions

Part E: Next steps for the Taxonomy

17. The extension of the TEG and development after TEG
17.1 TEG extension
17.2 Ongoing development beyond the TEG

Part F: Technical screening criteria

18. List of activities with technical screening criteria
18.1 Summary: climate change mitigation
18.2 Summary: climate change adaptation

Detailed activities: climate change mitigation

19. Agriculture
20. Forestry
21. Manufacturing
22. Electricity, gas, steam and air conditioning supply
23. Water, Sewerage, Waste and Remediation
24. Transportation
25. Information and communication
26. Construction, Real estate activities

Detailed activities: Climate change adaptation

27. Agriculture, Forestry and Fishing
28. Electricity, gas, steam and air conditioning supply
29. Water supply; sewerage; waste management and remediation activities
30. Information and communication
31. Financial and insurance activities
32. Professional, scientific and technical activities

agriculture, sustainable investments, climate change emissions reductions, sustainable finance taxonomy, Europe