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Addressing Climate Change in Cities – Policy Instruments to Promote Urban Nature-based Solutions

Addressing Climate Change in Cities – Policy Instruments to Promote Urban Nature-based Solutions

Illustrated by case studies from across Germany and Europe, this publication presents policy instruments to support cities implement nature-based solutions to address urban challenges.

Nature-based solutions (NBS) are solutions that are inspired and supported by nature. They can be used in urban settings to complement or replace "traditional" or "grey" solutions to social and environmental challenges, such as air pollution, the heat island effect, water scarcity, flooding, loss of nature and lack of social cohesion.

Although significant potential exists, NBS remain underutilized by cities as solution to address climate change. Barriers that have prevented wider uptake in the European context include a lack of relevant experience with and knowledge of NBS planning and implementation as well as a shortage of locally adapted policy instruments to support mainstreaming across sectoral policies.

This guidance document responds to these gaps and highlights a range of policy and supporting instruments relevant for NBS design, implementation and maintenance. Policy instruments include regulations, strategies, programmes, action plans and financial incentives. The guidance aims to support policymakers, city officials and local citizens and initiatives in the design and implementation of such policy instruments for increased NBS implementation. Each instrument is briefly described, including how it works and what benefits it can deliver. Case studies from Germany and Europe showcasing how different cities approach NBS and foster their integration into their policy frameworks illustrate each of the instruments.

This policy guidance was produced as part of the project “Climate NBS Poland”, supported by the European Climate Initiative (EUKI) of the German Ministry of Environment. It is complemented by the publication Addressing Climate Change in Cities – Catalogue of urban nature-based solutions which aims to support planners, designers and landscape architects in various sized urban areas in Europe and beyond in applying NBS instead of or alongside traditional grey infrastructure approaches.

You can now order a free hard copy of this publication via this online order form.


Citation

Naumann, S., Davis, M., Iwaszuk, E., Freundt, M., Mederake, L., 2020: Addressing climate change in cities – Policy instruments to promote urban nature-based solutions. Ecologic Institute, the Sendzimir Foundation: Berlin, Krakow.

Naumann, S., Davis, M., Iwaszuk, E., Freundt, M., Mederake, L., 2020: Błękitno-zielona infrastruktura dla łagodzenia zmian klimatu w miastach. Narzędzia strategiczne. Ecologic Institute, Fundacja Sendzimira: Berlin, Krakow.

Language
English, Polish
Credits

Editors
Tomasz Jeleński (Technical University Krakow)
Tomasz Bergier (AGH University of Science and Technology)
Ilona Gosk (the Sendzimir Foundation)

Proofreading
John Tarpey (Ecologic Institute)

Publisher
Year
2020
ISBN
ISBN 978-83-62168-13-2 (printed version in Polish) ISBN 978-83-62168-14-9 (online version in Polish) ISBN 978-83-62168-15-6 (online version in English)
Dimension
84 pp.
Project ID
3205
Table of Contents

Introduction
Policy landscape: Berlin, Germany
Policy landscape: Leipzig, Germany
1. Integrated urban development concepts
Case Study 1.1. Leipzig’s Integrated Urban Development Concept to 2030
Case Study 1.2. Urban Development Concept Berlin 2030
2. Dedicated urban green planning instruments
Case Study 2.1. Leipzig’s Open Space Strategy ‘Living Green City on the Waterfront’
Case Study 2.2. Berlin’s Urban Landscape Strategy
3. Integration of NBS into sectoral policy plans
3.1. Climate adaptation plans
Case Study 3.1. Berlin’s Urban Development Plan for Climate Adaptation
Case Study 3.2. Leipzig’s climate change adaptation strategy
3.2. Integrated stormwater management
Case Study 3.3. Adaptation of rainwater infrastructure in Hamburg (RISA)
3.3. Urban regeneration
Case Study 3.4. Urban regeneration in Leipzig – Masterplan Parkbogen Ost
4. Specific planning instruments
4.1. Regulatory requirements for rainwater infiltration
Case Study 4.1. Regulatory requirements for rainwater infiltration in Germany
Case Study 4.2. Requirements and guidance for rainwater infiltration in Dresden
4.2. Green space factors and points systems
Case Study 4.3. Biotope area factor in Berlin
4.3. Targets and standards for green space availability and accessibility
Case Study 4.4. Enhancing municipal green spaces by 2030 in Barcelona
4.4. Neighborhood Development Plans
Case Study 4.5. Berlin’s neighbourhood management programme
5. Financial instruments
5.1. Tax and fees relief
Case Study 5.1. Imperviousness fee in Dresden
5.2. Subsidies
Case Study 5.2. Green roof subsidy programme in Hamburg
5.3. Participatory budgets
Case Study 5.3. Participatory budget in Berlin-Lichtenberg
About “Climate NBS Polska”
Annex: EU Financing programmes
References
Image sources

Keywords
climate change, climate mitigation, climate adaptation, nature-based solutions, cities, NBS, urban NBS, green infrastructure, Poland, Germany, urban planning, participatory budget, urban regeneration, stormwater management, urban development, planning instruments, policy plan, urban green planning, green cities