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Header image Ecologic

Geeignete Rechtsinstrumente für die nationale Umsetzung der bodenbezogenen sustainable development goals, insbesondere des Ziels einer "land degradation neutral world"

Geeignete Rechtsinstrumente für die nationale Umsetzung der bodenbezogenen sustainable development goals, insbesondere des Ziels einer "land degradation neutral world"

Abschlussbericht

The research report by Ecologic Institute provides a legal assessment of whether German law is suitable to achieve the sustainable development goal "land degradation neutral word" (LDN) by 2030, and recommends options for improvement. The analysis focuses on rules for erosion, sealing by human settlement and pollution by industry. The report also compiles and explains key insights and lessons learned in English, as a contribution to the international discussion on implementing LDN. The report is available for download.

The LDN goal is part of the Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs) adopted by the UN in 2015. Germany has politically committed to implementing them. The LDN "neutrality" in SDG 15.3 means that the total of all land degradation is balanced against the total of all land improvements through compensatory or restoration measures. Germany therefore has to strive for achieving that the overall amount and quality of land resources in 2030 is at least not worse than in 2015.

The project defines the conceptual elements of LDN and applies them as criteria to assess German law. The study focuses on erosion, sealing by human settlement, and pollution by industry.


Citation

Bodle, Ralph and Heidi Stockhaus 2019: Geeignete Rechtsinstrumente für die nationale Umsetzung der bodenbezogenen sustainable development goals, insbesondere des Ziels einer "land degradation neutral world". Abschlussbericht. Umweltbundesamt: Dessau-Roßlau.

Language
German
Funding
Publisher
Year
2019
ISSN
1862-4804
Dimension
100 pp.
Project ID
2585
Table of Contents

Kurzbeschreibung
Abstract
Abkürzungsverzeichnis
Zusammenfassung
Summary
1 Einführung
2 Die Zielvorgabe "land degradation neutrality"
2.1 Völker- und europarechtlicher Rahmen
2.2 "Land Degradation" - Begriff und Bezug zum Boden
2.3 "Neutralität": Die inhaltlichen Vorgaben von LDN
2.4 Bodenfachliche Indikatoren: Wie erfasst man Bodenverschlechterung, Bodenverbesserung, Neutralität?
2.5 Räumlicher Bezug: Referenzräume
2.6 Zeitlicher Bezug: Referenzzeitraum
2.7 Zusammenfassung der Vorgaben aus LDN
3 Bestandsaufnahme des bestehenden Rechts
3.1 Erosion durch Landwirtschaft in Mecklenburg-Vorpommern
3.2 Versiegelung durch Siedlung
3.3 Schadstoffeinträge durch Industrie
3.4 Übergreifendes Bodenmanagement: Saldieren, Planen, Bewirtschaften
4 Anregungen für die internationale Praxis
4.1 Legal instruments for implementing LDN - insights from Germany
4.2 Elements of LDN that the law should address
4.3 Key parameters of the German legal system
4.4 The "intervention" rule contains LDN in one legal provision
4.5 Other examples of regulatory techniques
4.6 Lessons learned and food for thought
5 Literaturverzeichnis

Keywords
Land Degradation Neutral World, LDN, Sustainable Development Goals, SDG, soil protection, soil law, environmental law agriculture, erosion, industrial emissions, sealing, land take, Mecklenburg-Vorpommern, Germany, analysis