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Transatlantic Policy Options for Supporting Adaptation in the Marine Arctic

Transatlantic Policy Options for Supporting Adaptation in the Marine Arctic

The Arctic TRANSFORM project, funded by the European Commission‘s Directorate General of External Relations, engaged experts in a transatlantic discussion of five Arctic-related thematic areas: indigenous peoples, environmental governance, fisheries, offshore hydrocarbon activities, and shipping. Expert working groups addressed each thematic area with the goal of developing policy options for the Arctic marine area. This policy brief draws upon a series of background papers, expert meetings and interviews to provide an overview of the international and EU governance options for addressing the rapid changes underway in the region.

While reflecting the opinions of its authors, and not necessarily the views of the European Commission, this policy brief benefits from the opinions and insights of the experts participating in the five Arctic TRANSFORM working groups. An important consideration for informing the selection of policy options has been the international and transatlantic consensus reflected in recent policy developments, which is arguably an indicator of the political viability of any policy proposal. Still, where action beyond the boundaries of current national positions appears necessary, more ambitious policy options are also proposed. This policy brief [pdf, 408 KB, English] is available for download.


Best, Aaron et al. 2009: Transatlantic Policy Options for Supporting Adaptation in the Marine Arctic. [Ecologic Briefs ]. Berlin: Ecologic Institute.

Timo Koivurova
Erik J. Molenaar
30 pp.
Table of Contents

Table of Contents
List of Abbreviations
1 Introduction: The Adaptation Challenge and the Need for Policy Action
2 Current Policy Framework for Environmental Governance and Adaptation in the Marine Arctic
2.1 International Agreements
2.2 Arctic Institutions
2.3 Shortcomings of the Current Policy Framework
3 Finding a Common Ground: Recent Policy Developments
3.1 Policies by the Established Arctic Council Actors
3.2 Policies of Non-Arctic States and Entities
3.3 Transatlantic Policy Initiatives
3.4 Shared Objectives, Principles and Approaches
4 Policy Options for Environmental Governance
4.1 Regional and Global Policy Options
4.2 EU Policy Options
4.3 Transatlantic Policy Options
5 Policy Options for Indigenous Peoples
5.1 EU Policy Options
5.2 Transatlantic Policy Options
6 Policy Options for Fisheries Management
6.1 Regional and Global
6.2 EU Policy Options
6.3 Transatlantic Policy Options
7 Policy Options for Offshore Hydrocarbon Activities
7.1 Regional and Global Policy Options
7.2 EU Policy Options
7.3 Transatlantic Policy Options
8 Policy Options for Shipping
8.1 Regional and Global Policy Options
8.2 EU Policy Options
8.3 Transatlantic Policy Options
9 References

Arctic, shipping, fisheries, offshore hydrocarbon, indigenous peoples, environmental governance, policy options,