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Environmental Governance in the Marine Arctic

Environmental Governance in the Marine Arctic

This paper presents an overview of the existing institutional and legal framework relevant to environmental governance, as well as formal and informal governance structures in the Arctic marine area. It highlights the complexity of approaches applicable at the local, regional and international scales, rather than identifying gaps in governance at the sectoral scale.

Governance of the marine ecosystems within the Arctic is a critical issue, due to the growing pressure of activities like shipping, drilling and fisheries – pressures that will be exacerbated by global climate change. Increasingly, adaptation to climate change is being recognised as a key policy objective by policy makers, local indigenous peoples and a wide range of international stakeholders. Coherent governance structures encompassing local, regional, and global levels are especially important in the Arctic because the region both strongly impacts and is impacted by global systems. The background paper is available for download.


Citation

Roo, Colette de et al. 2008: Environmental Governance in the Arctic. Ecolologic Institut, Berlin.

Language
English
Publisher
Year
2008
Dimension
41 pp.
Project ID
1913
Table of Contents

1. INTRODUCTION
2. ENVIRONMENTAL GOVERNANCE
1.1. Marine Governance: Large Marine Ecosystems (LMEs)
1.2. Legal and Policy Framework
1.3. Global agreements
1.4. Regional regimes
1.5. Informal approaches / initiatives
2. EXAMPLES OF ENVIRONMENTAL GOVERNANCE IN THE ARCTIC MARINE AREA
2.1. Species-based approach: Polar bear management
2.2. Species-based approach: Beluga whale management
2.3. Regional approach: Cooperation in the Barents Sea
2.4. Regional approach: Cooperation in the North-East Atlantic
2.5. Summary of examples of Arctic governance
3. PERSPECTIVES ON THE WAY FORWARD
3.1. Strengths and weaknesses of the current approach
3.2. Expert recommendations
3.3. Concluding remarks and questions for discussion
ANNEX: GLOBAL TREATIES, CONVENTIONS AND AGREEMENTS RELEVANT TO ARCTIC MARINE ECOSYSTEMS
REFERENCES

Keywords
environmental governance, Arctic