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showing 71-80 of 141 results


Exploring Trade & the Environment

An Empirical Examination of Trade Openness and National Environmental Performance
This study investigates the prevailing theories about the effect of trade openness on environmental quality and resource management, providing new insights and empirical support to refute some of these theories. It builds on data collected through the Yale-Columbia 2010 Environmental Performance Index (EPI), which covers 163 countries and an extensive database of trade-related measures from academic and international sources. Senior fellow Tanja Srebotnjak contributed statistical analyses to the study. It is available for download.Read more

Development Policy and its Coherence with Other Policies - Study for the European Parliament

December 2010 to June 2011

The study "An Assessment of the Balancing of EU Development Objectives with Other Policies and Priorities", to which Ecologic Institute contributed, evaluates the coherence between the EU’s development policies and its other policies. Its authors describe the positive and negative impacts of these policies on development priorities and provide recommendations to achieve better policy coherence. The study was commissioned by the European Parliament and is available for download.

In November 2005, the EU reaffirmed its commitment to promoting policyRead more

International Trade Policy in the Context of Climate Change Imperatives

June 2010 to August 2010

In their policy paper "International Trade Policy in the Context of Climate Change Imperatives" for the Committee on International Trade, Christiane Gerstetter, Michael Mehling und Tanja Srebotnjak examine the relationship between trade and climate change as well as the potential of trade and trade policies to contribute to climate change mitigation and adaptation.

It presents conclusions on the impact of trade liberalisation on climate change, risks and opportunities of carbon-related competition measures, theRead more

Chances and Barriers for Technology Providers in the CDM and JI Markets

August 2010 to June 2011

The project focused on the German technology suppliers’ business opportunities in the CDM/JI-market, and formulated recommendations to strengthen companies involved. It therefore analyzed strengths and weaknesses of technology  suppliers as well as success factors and barriers to participating in the CDM/JI-market. The aim of the project was to develop technology and host country specific recommendations to strengthen the role of German technology exporters in CDM/JI markets and to improve networking between certificate buyers and technology exporters.

The flexibleRead more

Ökonomische Instrumente zwischen Kyoto und Kopenhagen – Quo vadis Klimaschutz?

From 15 to 16 October 2009, the Center for Foreign Trade Law of the Westphalian Wilhelms University in Münster hosted its 14th Foreign Trade Law Day, focusing on energy and climate change. At this conference, Benjamin Görlach, economist for the Ecologic Institute, delivered a presentation entitled ‘Economic Instruments between Kyoto and Copenhagen: quo vadis Climate Protection?’ This presentation is now available as an article in the conference volume.Read more

Legality of Measures Addressing Carbon Leakage

October 2009 to June 2010

Differences in national climate protection policies can lead – at least in principle – to "carbon leakage", i.e. the relocation of industries to countries with less stringent climate change legislation and a subsequent increase in greenhouse gas emissions in those countries. In a legal study for the German Federal Environmental Agency (UBA), the Ecologic Institute and WTI Advisors analyse whether measures to address carbon-leakage are compatible with EU and WTO law. The study is available for download.

Carbon leakage and how to address it is aRead more

Trade and Environment

September 2009 to October 2009

Environmental technologies are key for an environmentally friendly and sustainable world economy. International trade and private investment will play a critical role in promoting the widespread use of environmental technologies. Within this context, Ecologic Institute analyzed the relationship between environmental protection, trade and development. This study is available for download.Read more


Vorschläge für EU-Reformen
At the EU level, there is great need for legal reforms concerning the liability of enterprises for violations of human rights and environmental norms abroad. This is the result of a study co-authored by Christiane Gerstetter, Fellow Ecologic Legal and pro-bono lawyer for the European Center for Constitutional and Human Rights.

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Technology Transfer in the International Climate Negotiations

The State of Play and Suggestions for the Way Forward
This article by Christiane Gerstetter, Dominic Marcellino, and Elena von Sperber explores the state of the climate technology transfer negotiations following the COP 15 meeting in Copenhagen in December 2009. The article appears in the Spring 2010 edition of the journal Carbon and Climate Law Review.Read more

Keeping Illegal Fish and Timber off the Market

A Comparison of EU Regulations
Illegal fishing and logging, and the international trade in illegally sourced fish and wood products cause enormous environmental and economic damage. Consumer countries contribute to the problem by importing fish and timber without ensuring legality – a problem the EU tries to address with two new regulations. In this briefing paper, Duncan Brack, Heike Baumüller and Katharina Umpfenbach compare the recently adopted EU regulations on illegal fish and timber products. The authors contrast the very different approaches and highlight areas that might need further strengthening.Read more


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