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Lessons from the European Semester for Effective 2030 Governance for Energy and Climate

Lessons from the European Semester for Effective 2030 Governance for Energy and Climate

Many open questions remain for the future governance system of the EU's 2030 climate and energy targets. This report by Ecologic Institute analyzes the possible lessons that can be drawn from the experience with the European Semester and helps provide answers on key procedural issues in the implementation/progress monitoring phase. The study is available for download.

The report looked at two options for implementing a more effective target-setting and planning process:

  1. the European Semester as it stands today but with the inclusion of recommendations in the field of climate and energy as well as including further reaching improvements; and
  2. a new "Energy Union Semester" that uses similar documents and procedures as the European Semester but focuses solely on the Energy Union objectives.

The study provides detailed recommendations on how the options would function and additional actions to be taken.


Duwe, Matthias and Velten, Eike Karola (2016): Lessons from the European Semester for effective 2030 climate and energy governance. Ecologic Institute, Berlin.

22 pp.
Project ID
Table of Contents

1 Background
2 The European Semester governance model
2.1 What is the European Semester?
2.2 What are the merits and drawbacks?
3 What  is  the  possible  function of  the  Semester  for  2030  governance  of  climate  and energy
3.1 The European Semester in "2030 reporting"
3.2 The European Semester in "2030 planning"
4 Two main options: reintegration or a new process?
4.1 Option 1a): Integrating recommendations for climate/energy back into the European Semester
4.2 Option 1b): the European Semester with significant improvements
4.3 Option 2): "Energy Union Semester" for planning and reporting
5 Conclusions
6 Literature

Energy Union, planning, reporting, streamlining, European Semester, climate and energy targets, contributions, legal advice, European Member States, Europe, policy evaluation, policy evaluation, analysis of procedures, analysis of institutions, desk research