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Sustainable Development in the European Union – 2009

Sustainable Development in the European Union – 2009

2009 Monitoring Report of the EU Sustainable Development Strategy

What is the state of sustainable development in the European Union? The 2009 Eurostat monitoring report reviews the progress and implementation of the EU Sustainable Development Strategy. The 2009 monitoring report was published on the Eurostat website. As partner in a consortium with the Vienna University of Economic and Business (RIMAS), INFRAS, and the Institute for Public Policy Research (IPPR), the Ecologic Institute played a substantial role in drafting the monitoring report on behalf of Eurostat.

The 2009 monitoring report can be downloaded from the Eurostat website.


European Commission (ed.) 2009: Sustainable development in the European Union. 2009 monitoring report of the EU sustainable development strategy. Luxembourg: Office for Official Publications of the European Communities.

Viktoria Bolla
Onno Hofmeister
Wolfgang Hauschild
Dorothea Jung
Graham Lock
Anita Pavlovic
Andrea Scheller
Vincent Tronet
  • European Commission, Eurostat (Eurostat)
311 pp.
Project ID
Table of Contents

Foreword Page
Executive summary

1. Socioeconomic development
Headline indicator: growth of GDP per capita
Subtheme: economic development
Subtheme: innovation, competitiveness and eco-efficiency
Subtheme: employment

2. Climate change and energy
Headline indicator: greenhouse gas emissions
Headline indicator: consumption of renewables
Subtheme: climate change
Subtheme: energy

3. Sustainable transport
Headline indicator: energy consumption of transport relative to GDP
Subtheme: transport and mobility
Subtheme: transport impacts

4. Sustainable consumption and production
Headline indicator: resource productivity
Subtheme: resource use and waste
Subtheme: consumption patterns
Subtheme: production patterns

5. Conservation and management of natural resources
Headline indicator: abundance of common birds
Headline indicator: conservation of fish stocks
Subtheme: biodiversity
Subtheme: freshwater resources
Subtheme: marine ecosystems
Subtheme: land use

6. Public health
Headline indicator: healthy life years
Subtheme: health and health inequalities
Subtheme: determinants of health

7. Social inclusion
Headline indicator: risk of poverty
Subtheme: monetary poverty and living conditions
Subtheme: access to labour market
Subtheme: education

8. Demographic changes
Headline indicator: employment rate of older workers
Subtheme: demography
Subtheme: old-age income adequacy
Subtheme: public finance sustainability
Key challenge 7: global poverty and sustainable development challenges

9. Global partnership
Headline indicator: official development assistance
Subtheme: globalisation of trade
Subtheme: financing for sustainable development
Subtheme: global resource management
Guiding principles

10. Good governance
Subtheme: policy coherence and effectiveness
Subtheme: openness and participation
Subtheme: economic instruments

Annex I: Abbreviations and acronyms
Annex II: Description of the complete EU set of sustainable development indicators, by theme
Annex III: Complete list of EU sustainable development indicators

sustainable development, monitoring report, Eurostat, Europe