The Packaging and Packaging Waste Directive in Germany, France and Finland
The looming perspective of growing mountains of packaging waste in Europe led several Member States to implement packaging and packaging waste policies and induced the EU to formulate the Packaging and Packaging Waste Directive. The Directive, established in 1994, has contributed to the reduction of environmental problems resulting from that waste. But has it been really successful? Has it achieved its goals? What are the reasons for the mixed results?