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Climate

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Environmental Governance in the Marine Arctic

This paper presents an overview of the existing institutional and legal framework relevant to environmental governance, as well as formal and informal governance structures in the Arctic marine area. It highlights the complexity of approaches applicable at the local, regional and international scales, rather than identifying gaps in governance at the sectoral scale. The background paper is available for download.Read more

Global Climate Change and the Fragmentation of International Law

No international regime operates in complete isolation from other regimes and the wider body of international law. Conflicts and tensions, but also potential synergies, are inevitable consequences of regime coexistence. Such interactions are particularly apparent in the case of the climate regime, which is analysed in this article in relation to the international law on biodiversity protection and free trade.Read more

Efficient Climate Policy through Flexible Mechanisms

The article by Dr. Camilla Bausch and Jonathan Donehower analyses the flexible mechanism of the Kyoto Protocol used by the international community to fight rising carbon emissions. The most prominent example of regional implementation of emissions trading, the EU Emissions Trading Scheme (ETS), is presented in detail with an outlook on potential future improvements.


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Biofuels: Between Energy Security and Climate Change - Latin America and the international discussion

TimeLoc
28 August 2008
Rio de Janeiro
Brazil

This workshop from 28-29 August 2008 in Rio de Janeiro (Brazil) aimed towards a common understanding between representatives of Latin America, Asia, Europe and the US on future biofuel development. Timo Kaphengst outlined in his presentation the renewable energy policy of the European Union, more specifically the main controversies within decision-making bodies of the EU on biofuel targets and sustainability standards.

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Forum for Sustainable Agricultural Policies 2013

August 2008 to April 2011
Rural areas face a number of new challenges such as climate change, biodiversity loss and the increasing demand for biomass. In this project, a series of conferences with different themes and a wide range of actors will investigate new strategies for innovation in rural areas, compliant with environmentally friendly economic activities.Read more

Climate and Energy

Lessons Learned: The European Perspective
Internationally, the European Union has been acknowledged as a forerunner in the adoption and implementation of sustainable energy and climate policies. But despite remarkable successes, the EU has also encountered serious difficulties on its way –yielding important learning experiences. In their reflection on "Climate and Energy – Lessons Learned: The European Perspective", Michael Mehling and Dr. Camilla Bausch outline the history and present of climate policy efforts in Europe, and identify the most important lessons that can be drawn from the European experience.Read more

Climate Change and Public Finances

July 2008 to March 2009

Climate change will alter the basis of economic activity in Germany. It will therefore also affect public finances. On behalf of the Federal Ministry of Finance, the Ecologic Institute and Infras explored the extent to which the economic impacts of climate change might threaten the sustainability of public budgets in Germany. The results indicate that, in the event of unabated climate change, additional costs and revenue losses could amount to 0.6 to 2.5 percent of GDP. The Final Report is now available on our website.

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Presentation

Development of an International Carbon Market and Options for Lining the EU Emission Trading Scheme with other Trading Systems

TimeLoc
3 July 2008
Munich
Germany

German industry is reassessing climate policies and its impacts for sectors or individual businesses in the context of economic globalisation and in future internationally coordinated carbon markets. The top indusry associations in Bavaria and the "Business for Climate Protection Initiative" of the German Industries Association (BDI) invited R. Andreas Kraemer to speak on carbon markets and linking at their conference on "Climate Policy in Berlin and Brussels" in Munich on 3 July 2008.Read more

International Trade Policy in a World of Different Carbon Prices

More and more instruments require the internalisation of greenhouse gas emissions costs. Yet it is very unlikely that a single global price for carbon will prevail. A frequently voiced concern is that states with stringent climate policies will place domestic industries at a disadvantage relative to competitors in states with less ambitious climate efforts. In this chapter, published in the briefing paper "Competitive distortions and leakage in a world of different carbon prices" for the European Parliament, the Ecologic authors Michael Mehling, Nils Meyer-Ohlendorf und Ralph Czarnecki analyse restrictive trade measures to offset the regulatory burden of climate policies, particularly border adjustments, from a legal point of view.Read more

What Price Energy Transformation?

Past energy policies are largely to blame for climate change, and now, more than ever, the security implications demand a transformation of energy systems and infrastructure. In this commentary, R. Andreas Kraemer, Director of Ecologic, argues that such a transformation would be possible both technically and economically, but that it requires political will and coordinated action and would need to be accompanied by reform of international institutions.


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