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showing 1201-1210 of 1391 results


Climate and Energy

Lessons Learned: The European Perspective
Internationally, the European Union has been acknowledged as a forerunner in the adoption and implementation of sustainable energy and climate policies. But despite remarkable successes, the EU has also encountered serious difficulties on its way –yielding important learning experiences. In their reflection on "Climate and Energy – Lessons Learned: The European Perspective", Michael Mehling and Dr. Camilla Bausch outline the history and present of climate policy efforts in Europe, and identify the most important lessons that can be drawn from the European experience.Read more

Climate Change and Public Finances

July 2008 to March 2009

Climate change will alter the basis of economic activity in Germany. It will therefore also affect public finances. On behalf of the Federal Ministry of Finance, the Ecologic Institute and Infras explored the extent to which the economic impacts of climate change might threaten the sustainability of public budgets in Germany. The results indicate that, in the event of unabated climate change, additional costs and revenue losses could amount to 0.6 to 2.5 percent of GDP. The Final Report is now available on our website.


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Development of an International Carbon Market and Options for Lining the EU Emission Trading Scheme with other Trading Systems

3 July 2008

German industry is reassessing climate policies and its impacts for sectors or individual businesses in the context of economic globalisation and in future internationally coordinated carbon markets. The top indusry associations in Bavaria and the "Business for Climate Protection Initiative" of the German Industries Association (BDI) invited R. Andreas Kraemer to speak on carbon markets and linking at their conference on "Climate Policy in Berlin and Brussels" in Munich on 3 July 2008.Read more

International Trade Policy in a World of Different Carbon Prices

More and more instruments require the internalisation of greenhouse gas emissions costs. Yet it is very unlikely that a single global price for carbon will prevail. A frequently voiced concern is that states with stringent climate policies will place domestic industries at a disadvantage relative to competitors in states with less ambitious climate efforts. In this chapter, published in the briefing paper "Competitive distortions and leakage in a world of different carbon prices" for the European Parliament, the Ecologic authors Michael Mehling, Nils Meyer-Ohlendorf und Ralph Czarnecki analyse restrictive trade measures to offset the regulatory burden of climate policies, particularly border adjustments, from a legal point of view.Read more

What Price Energy Transformation?

Past energy policies are largely to blame for climate change, and now, more than ever, the security implications demand a transformation of energy systems and infrastructure. In this commentary, R. Andreas Kraemer, Director of Ecologic, argues that such a transformation would be possible both technically and economically, but that it requires political will and coordinated action and would need to be accompanied by reform of international institutions.

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Effort Sharing and Clean Development Mechanism in the EU Climate Package

3 June 2008
As an input to the European Parliament (EP) debate on the EU Climate Package, Ecologic led the organisation of a workshop entitled "Effort sharing under the Climate Package - assessing the role of the Clean Development Mechanism" on behalf of the EP directorate for Internal Policies. The workshop was held on 3 June 2008 at the European Parliament. It was chaired by Satu Hassi, MEP, and moderated by R. Andreas Kraemer, Director of Ecologic.Read more

Recommendations for Greening Freight Transport

Policy Brief 1
This Policy Brief is intended to reflect the conclusions from the ETTAR (Environmental Technologies, Training and Awareness-Raising) project so far and develop policy recommendations based on these conclusions. The ETTAR project is a project under the 6th Framework Programme (financed by the European Commission) and deals with the promotion of environmental technologies in the freight transport sector. The Policy Brief has been agreed within the ETTAR team and is directed at stakeholders in the freight transport sector, such as policy makers, logistics associations and transport NGOs. The report is available for download.Read more

Bio-energy and its Controversial Role in EU Climate Policy

29 May 2008
In January 2008, the European Commission published ambitious targets with regard to the future share of biofuels in the transport sector. By 2020, 10% of the fuels used in transport shall be biofuels. Furthermore, in the climate policies of individual Member States, biofuels also play an important role. However, more and more critics argue against the use of bio-energy. Controversies emerge concerning the climate footprint of bio-energy and the effects of biomass use on biodiversity and food security. The Climate Talk convened experts who discussed potential strategies to address these problems.Read more

Legal Issues and Challenges in Trade and Competitiveness Post 2012

May 2008 to June 2008

In a briefing paper for the European Parliament's Temporary Committee on Climate Change, Ecologic analysed whether climate-related border adjustments are permissible under WTO law. Restrictions on international trade have been suggested as a means to address “carbon leakage” – the relocation of manufacturing activities (and thus greenhouse gas emissions) to states with less ambitious climate efforts and more relaxed environmental standards. The paper concludes that climate-related border adjustments are not, as a matter of principle, ruled out by international trade law, provided thatRead more


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